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Can You Pass This Fifth-Grade Science Test From Alabama?

Eleven-year-olds in Alabama had to take this assessment in 2007. This quiz will test you on sex and kudzu.

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  1. 1. A student places a pan containing liquid cake batter into a hot oven. The student observes a chemical reaction when:

    BananaStock / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The batter sticks to the pan.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The cake batter changes color.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Steam rises from the warm cake.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The pan increases in temperature.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    In the assessment, students needed to identify examples of chemical change like when cake batter changes color, when fruit ripens, or when light is produced in a glow stick.

  2. 2. Which activity does not represent a chemical change?

    Mike Powell / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Burning logs.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Ripening pears.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Decaying leaves.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Melting ice cubes.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    In the test, students were asked to distinguish differences between chemical and physical changes, like when ice cubes melt.

  3. 3. Students make four piles with an equal mass of dirt, rocks, sugar, and feathers. Which pile has the greatest volume?

    Martin Poole / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    A 1 kg pile of dirt.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    A 1 kg pile of rocks.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    A 1 kg pile of sugar.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    A 1 kg pile of feathers.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The test states that students need to define volume as the amount of space an object takes up. Feathers is the correct answer.

  4. 4. Which object has a high mass but would have a small volume?

    SomkiatFakmee / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Brick.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Flower.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Elephant.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Balloon.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Mass is the amount of matter in an object, according to the test. Brick is the correct answer.

  5. 5. A scientist mixes rainwater and cabbage juice. The cabbage juice turns green. The scientist correctly concludes that the rainwater is:

    DenizA / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Neutral.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    A base.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    An acid.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    An indicator.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Students needed to recognize that red cabbage juice as a common indicator turns bright pink with an acid and green or yellow with a base, according to the test rules.

  6. 6. Which statement describes how a potato, gasoline, a log, and milk are alike?

    moodboard / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    They release light energy when they are used.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    They produce heat energy when they are used.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    None of them have chemical energy until they are used.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    None of them have potential energy until they are used.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to the test, students needed to recognize that heat energy is related to things like insulation, refrigerators, air conditioners, the sun, and a stovetop.

  7. 7. Which activity is not an example of chemical energy?

    SomkiatFakmee / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Food entering a stomach.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Burning a piece of wood.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Sunlight coming to Earth.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Turning on a battery-powered toy.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The test's directions say that students must recognize that light and heat energy is related to the sun while chemical energy is related to food and batteries.

  8. 8. Which sentence correctly describes how light rays travel through the lens in the human eye?

    stock_shoppe / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Light rays come together through the convex lens.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Light rays come together through the concave lens.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Light rays are first spread apart and then come together through the convex lens.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Light rays are first spread apart and then come together through the concave lens.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Students needed to compare concave and convex lenses in order to pass the test. Light rays come together through the convex lens.

  9. 9. People who cannot see distant objects very well are nearsighted. They usually are given concave lenses to improve their vision. Which statement best describes how concave lenses improve their vision?

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    Correct
    Incorrect
    The lenses bend light rays outward to focus the image on the back of the eye instead of behind it.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The lenses reflect light rays inward to focus the image on the back of the eye instead of behind it.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The lenses bend light rays outward to focus the image on the back of the eye instead of in front of it.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The lenses reflect light rays inward to focus the image on the back of the eye instead of in front of it.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Students needed to know how convex and conclave lenses bend light in order to pass a series of test questions. Concave lenses bend light rays outward to focus the image on the back of the eye instead of in front of it.

  10. 10. An object is sent to the moon from Earth in a spacecraft. Which observation correctly describes what happens to the mass and weight of the object on the surface of the moon?

    hkeita / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Both the mass and weight of the object decrease.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Both the mass and weight of the object stay the same.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The mass of the object decreases, and the weight of the object increases.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The weight of the object decreases, and the mass of the object stays the same.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The moon’s gravity is approximately one-sixth that of Earth, according to the directions on the test. On the moon, an object's weight would decrease but the mass stays the same.

  11. 11. On which two planets would an object weigh more than on Earth?

    rajeshbac / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mars and Mercury.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Uranus and Saturn.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Venus and Mercury.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Neptune and Jupiter.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    A 100 pound person would weigh approximately 236 pounds on Jupiter and a mere 37 pounds on Mars.

  12. 12. An object weighs 10 pounds on the moon. On Earth, the same object would weigh about:

    MarcelC / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Two times less.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Two times more.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Six times more.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Six times less.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    A 100 pound person would weigh only 16 pounds on the moon.

  13. 13. A spacecraft is traveling from Mercury to Jupiter. Where would the spacecraft experience the greatest gravitational force?

    ChrisGorgio / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Earth.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The sun.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The moon.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Within space.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Objects that have a larger mass have more gravitational force, according to the test. Therefore, sun is the correct answer.

  14. 14. How can a student decide if a cell is from a plant or an animal?

    ChrisGorgio / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    If the cell has a cell wall, it must be from a plant.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    If the cell has cytoplasm, it must be from a plant.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    If the cell has a nucleus, it must be from an animal.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    If the cell has a cell membrane, it must be from an animal.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The test states that every cell has a membrane, but only plant cells have a cell wall.

  15. 15. Which cell contains chloroplasts?

    blueringmedia / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Cat’s red blood cell.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Dandelion’s leaf cell.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Zebra’s bone cell.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Human’s skin cell.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Chloroplasts are involved in photosynthesis so only a plant's cell would contain chloroplasts.

  16. 16. Which statement correctly identifies a body system and its main function?

    Sebastian Kaulitzki / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The respiratory system gives the body shape and produces heat.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The circulatory system provides the basic framework for the body.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The reproductive system produces offspring.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The excretory system takes in oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from blood.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Yes, sex produces babies.

  17. 17. Kudzu is a common plant found in Alabama. Which statement correctly describes a relationship between kudzu and an abiotic factor in an ecosystem?

    Judy Martin / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    A deer eats kudzu.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The sun helps kudzu grow.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Kudzu vines cover nearby trees.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Kudzu leaves provide shelter for insects.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Like other plants, the sun helps kudzu grow.

  18. 18. A certain species of vine grows on the trunk of a tree. The vine uses the tree to help it reach sunlight. Its relationship with the tree is a type of symbiosis called commensalism. This relationship means that:

    Correct
    Incorrect
    The vine takes nutrients from the tree.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The vine chokes the tree limbs that it surrounds.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The tree is not harmed by the climbing vine.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The tree benefits from having the vine grow on it.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to the Alabama State Department of Education manual, students needed to know the terms biotic, abiotic, mutualism, commensalism, and symbiosis. In a commensalism relationship, one organism benefits while the other is unharmed and doesn't benefit.

  19. 19. In which two spheres of Earth are the effects of both volcanoes and earthquakes found?

    snapgalleria / Via ThinkStock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Geosphere and hydrosphere.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Geosphere and mesosphere.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Stratosphere and hydrosphere.
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Stratosphere and thermosphere.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to the test's answer key, students needed to know that geosphere is the layer on Earth where rocks are formed and where volcanoes, caves, and earthquakes exist while hydrosphere contains Earth’s liquid.

These questions are exactly as they appeared in the original 2007 Alabama State Department of Education assessment test.

 
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