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Can You Pass An Eighth-Grade Science Test From 1912?

These questions are exactly as they appeared in the original test for Kentucky schools (minus the multiple choice). What we know now might be different than what was believed in 1912.

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  1. What is the largest gland in the human body?

    Gerry Cranham / Via Getty Images
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Thyroid
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Liver
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Pancreas
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Adrenal
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Scientists in 1912 were correct in their thinking. The liver was and still is considered the largest gland in the human body. The average human liver is around 3 pounds and it plays a major role in metabolism.

  2. What are the organs of circulation?

    Digitalstorm / Via Thinkstock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Heart, lungs, blood vessels
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Blood vessels, brain, lungs
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Lungs, bronchi, nose
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Heart, lungs, bronchi
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    This question is confusing, but museum archivists say that the likely intent of the question was to determine the elements of the human cardiovascular system. The major organ of the circulatory system is the heart.

  3. How big is the heart?

    Thinkstock / Via Elizabeth Hachem
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The size of an old bean
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The size of a flivver
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The size of large gold nuggets
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The size of a fist
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The only word that is still common today is fist. The other words were actually popular slang from the early 20th century. A flivver was a small car. "Bean" was not a legume, but it meant the human head, and, later, it was used to refer to a person.

  4. What does the liver secrete?

    Thinkstock / Via decade3d
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Gastric juice
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Insulin
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Pleural fluid
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Bile
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The liver secretes bile that flows to the intestines. The bile helps to break down food.

  5. Where is blood carried to be purified?

    Purestock / Via Thinkstock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Heart, liver
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Liver, kidneys
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Spleen, heart
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Testes, kidneys
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The liver and kidneys both filter blood, but this test left out other organs, like our lungs and spleen, which aid the process.

  6. Where is the chief nervous center of the body?

    maurusone / Via Thinkstock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Brain, spinal cord
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Brain, heart
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Peripheral nerves, spinal cord
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Cranial nerves, brain
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Educators were correct in 1912. The brain and spinal cord are part of the central nervous system.

  7. What does the cerebellum control?

    Andrew Winning / Via Getty Images
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Intelligence, personality
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Interpretation of sensory impulses and touch sensation
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Planning, organization and motor function
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Balance, equilibrium and fine movement coordination
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The cerebellum plays a vital role in motor control, but it's also involved in cognitive functions like learning and memory. Before the 1990s, scientists thought that that the cerebellum was only dedicated to motor control.

  8. Where is the cerebrum located?

    Wavebreakmedia Ltd / Via Thinkstock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Above the brain stem
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Below the brain stem
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The forebrain
    Correct
    Incorrect
    The hindbrain
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The cerebrum is the largest section of the brain and is located in the forebrain.

  9. What does the spinal column do?

    Eraxion / Via Thinkstock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Supports the body, and provides protection for the spinal cord
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Supports the body, and is the link between the brain and the rest of the body
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Helps you move and sense positions of your arms and legs
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Supports your body only
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The spine also provides us with posture.

  10. How do we maintain proper health?

    Siri Stafford / Via Thinkstock
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Eat right, exercise, get proper sleep, drink plenty of water, maintain proper hygiene
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Eat right, maintain manners, work hard, get proper rest, maintain proper hygiene
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Maintain manners, study, work hard, drink plenty of water, eat right
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Maintain proper hygiene, exercise, eat plenty, maintain manners, drink plenty of water
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    There are other possible answers, but it seems like attitudes toward basic health were not that different than the present day.

 
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