Supermassive black holes regulate star formation in dwarf galaxies
Scientists have unraveled a long-standing cosmic riddle, discovering evidence that supermassive black holes (SMDDs) prevent the formation of stars in small galaxies. These giant black holes have a mass more than a million times the mass of the Sun, and are located in the centers of galaxies, emitting powerful winds that suppress the process of star formation. Astronomers have previously believed that SMBs do not have a decisive influence on the formation of stars in dwarf galaxies, but a new study conducted by scientists at the University of Portsmouth in Great Britain shows that this assumption was incorrect. This study is particularly important for space science, since the number of dwarf galaxies (with a number of stars from 100 million to several billion) in the universe is much higher than the number of large galaxies, said the chief author of the new study, Dr. Samantha Penny.