¾ the area of Japan is covered by mountains. Among Japan's most beautiful mountain ranges the place of honor is occupied Japanese Alps (Jap. 日本 ア ル プ ス Nihon Arupusu). This ridge runs north-south direction along the central part of Honshu island. View and beauty of the Japanese Alps is comparable to the Alps in Europe. The name of the natural attractions of Japan was invented by Englishman William Gowland, who described the mountain as the Japanese Alps in his "Guide to Japan". He popularized the name of another Englishman - Walter missionary message which is dedicated a plaque in the Japanese Alps.