Cosmic rays are called high-energy elementary particles and nuclei of light elements that come to us from deep space. They carry information about the most energetic events and active objects in the universe: the nuclei of galaxies, supernova explosions, relativistic jets of matter - jets and much more. Perhaps someday they will shed light on the secrets of dark matter and the lack of antimatter in the universe. One of the main problems in the theory of the origin of cosmic rays is the mechanism for their acceleration. In the sixties of the last century, theoretical physicists Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg and Sergei Ivanovich Syrovatsky (FIAN) assumed that cosmic rays can arise from explosions of supernovae.