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  • The Soyuz-2.1A rocket was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome

    The Soyuz-2.1a rocket with the Progress-MS-08 cargo vehicle started from the Baikonur cosmodrome, the correspondent reports from the Mission Control Center (MCC), where the launch is broadcast. The rocket was planned to be launched on February 11 and during the flight of the spacecraft to the ISS for the first time in history to work out a new shortened two-turn scheme of rapprochement and docking with the station for 3.5 hours. However, at the start came a command to automatically turn off the engines, and the launch was postponed to the reserve date - February 13. Now the ship will reach the station only after two days - at 13.45 Moscow time on February 15. A launch window with ballistic conditions allowing to send and dock the ship to the ISS using the ultrashort scheme has already been missed. According to the source in the rocket and space industry, the cancellation of the launch could result in the failure of the signal through the connector to the bortcomputer or the computer itself. The bortcomputer unit, at the same time, was replaced before launch.

  • In Rio de Janeiro started the world famous carnival

    In Brazilian Rio de Janeiro solemnly opened the world-famous traditional carnival. The mayor of Rio Marcelo Crivelli handed the key to the city to the king of the carnival, which marked his beginning, reports DW. The carnival will last nine days. It is expected that 6.5 million people, including 1.5 million tourists, will take part in it. Carnival takes place in a time that is difficult for Rio. In the past year, due to lack of funds in the city treasury, about 80,000 workers were dismissed. The city also cut aid to the samba schools.

  • The most disappointing crypto currency is named

    One of the crypto-currency networks Ripple - XRP can claim the title of the biggest disappointment for investors. This is written by CoinDesk. In January, its price rose to a record-almost to $ 3.8, then its rate began to fall. By February 4, XPR was worth $ 0.86 (minus 80 percent to the historical maximum). CoinDesk also notes that the Ripple rate in January grew, including on rumors about the addition of an asset to the Coinbase platform. The site, however, has not yet included XRP in the auction. This, like the falling market indicators, “hangs heavily” on the XRP, also noted in the material. According to Coinmarketcap on February 4, the capitalization of XRP amounted to 34 billion dollars, at the peak of the price of crypto currency, this figure reached 138 billion dollars. In August 2017, XRP replaced Bitcoin Cash from the third place in terms of capitalization.

  • Triumph of Ilon Mask. Falcon Heavy successfully launched, lateral accelerators returned to the ground, and the personal vehicle of the chapter SpaceX began to move to the belt of asteroids

    On February 6, SpaceX made a successful launch of the Falcon Heavy (FH) rocket, the heaviest since Saturn-5. Specialists SpaceX managed to return the lateral accelerators of the rocket, but the central unit on the platform Of Of course I Still Love You in the Atlantic Ocean could not be planted, however, Ilon Mask himself called the launch of FH impeccable. “The launch was great, but the central segment, obviously, did not land on the platform,” Mask portal news about high technology Engadget. “In this regard, we are conducting a check. Previously, we can say that there was run out of fuel, which was intended to slow down the decline of this segment, “he added. On board Falcon Heavy was an electric vehicle Tesla Roadster with a dummy in the spacesuit inside. Separation of the capsule with the car was also successful. As Ilon Mask reports in his tweet, Tesla Roadster left the field of gravity and began moving toward the asteroid belt in the heliocentric orbit.

  • Star winds behave “in an unusual way”

    The European Space Agency’s XMM-Newton Space Observatory has discovered surprising changes in the powerful gas flows emitted by two massive stars, and these changes indicate that the colliding stellar winds behave differently than expected. Massive stars - stars whose sizes are several times larger than the Sun - show high activity throughout the life cycle, rapidly burning their thermonuclear fuel and throwing huge amounts of material into the surrounding space during their short but bright stellar life. When the streams of such particles, emitted by different stars collide, the gas warms up to temperatures of the order of several million degrees Celsius and brightly glows in the x-ray range. In the new study, scientists observed a collision of stellar winds emitted by a double star system called HD 5980. This system consists of two giant stars weighing about 60 solar masses, separated by a distance of only 100 million kilometers - that is, closer to each other than the Earth to the sun.

  • In Syria shot down the Russian Su-25

    The moment the missile hit the Russian Su-25 attack aircraft of the Russian Civil Code in Syria was on video. The plane was shot down by militants in the area near the village of Maceran in the province of Idlib. This area is under the control of the terrorist group “Dzhebhat an Nusra” (banned in Russia). The pilot catapulted and died in battle with terrorists. The footage shows how the terrorists shoot from an anti-aircraft gun to shoot down an airplane, then the video shows how a missile from a MANPADS gets into it. Video posted by the group “Free army Idliba.” The Ministry of Defense of Russia stated that a group strike with precision-guided weapons was inflicted on the area from which the aircraft was fired. According to radio intercepts, as a result of the attack more than 30 militants were killed.

  • Russian astronauts have broken the record of being in open space

    Delayed because of the complicated installation on the outer surface of the ISS, Alexander Misurkin and Anton Shkaplerov unwittingly broke the record for working in open space for six minutes, a correspondent from the Moscow-based Flight Control Center reports. The previous superiority to the time spent on the outer surface of the station among Russian cosmonauts belonged to Oleg Kotov and Sergei Ryazansky: in December 2013 they worked outside the ISS for 8 hours and 7 minutes.

  • Long March 2D launches Zhangheng-1 Earthquake investigator

    A Long March 2D has conducted the sixth Chinese launch of 2018, with the lofting of the Zhangheng-1 spacecraft, a new research satellite for the observation of ionospheric precursors of earthquakes. The launch took place at 07:51 UTC on Friday from the 94 Launch Platform at the LC43 Launch Complex from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center (JSLC). An additional six small satellites rode along with the primary payload. The Zhangheng-1 (ZH-1) – also known as China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES) – was developed by the Chinese Academy of Space Technology (CAST) and is based on the CAST2000 bus. The satellite will be operated by China National Space Administration (CNSA) together with the China Earthquake Administration and the China National Space Administration in cooperation with the Italian Space Agency (ASI). ZH-1 carries six instruments to measure the electromagnetic effects of earthquakes above 6 magnitude in China and quakes above magnitude seven all over the world. On board the satellite is the High-Energy Particle Detector (HEPD) to detects protons and electrons, measuring the flow of protons and electrons in short-term disturbances in the radiation belt whether caused by terrestrial, solar or anthropic phenomena; the Search-coil magnetometer (SCM) that will measure fluctuations in the magnetic field of the ionosphere and the Electric Field Detector (EFD) to measure the variation of the ionosphere electric field due to disturbances from solar, seismic and anthropic phenomena.

  • From the cosmodrome “Vostochny” the third missile launch was carried out

    From the Vostochny cosmodrome, the Soyuz-2.1a rocket was launched with eleven satellites on board. Among them there are two devices for remote sensing of the Earth “Kanopus-V” No. 3 and 4, as well as nine foreign vehicles. This launch was the third for the new Russian cosmodrome, and he went strictly according to plan, without any emergency situations, successfully removing the cargo to the calculated orbits. The launch of the missile took place at 05:07:18 Moscow time. Immediately after detachment from the launch pad, the missile completed a turn to take the necessary azimuth for launch into the polar orbit. After about an hour, the Fregat upper stage brought a useful load to the calculated orbits. The spacecraft division passed regular at 6:06 Moscow time, Roskosmos reports. The next launch of the Russian rocket from Vostochny is scheduled for February 11. In the course of this mission the cargo vehicle Progress MS-08 will deliver fuel, products and other valuable cargo to the ISS. In all, four launches are planned for the first quarter of 2018.

  • In Japan, hackers committed the largest theft of crypto currency

    At one of the largest exchanges of digital currencies in Coincheck in Japan, after a hacker attack, the NEM crypto currency lost in value at about $ 534 million. The hacker attack occurred on Friday. On the Coincheck exchange, they learned about it only after eight and a half hours. Coincheck temporarily stopped depositing deposits and withdrawals for all crypto currency except for bitcoins. The exchange estimated its losses in the less known NEM crypto currency. It is noted that Coincheck’s stolen money was kept in a “hot purse” that is connected to the Internet and is online. “Hot purse”, unlike the “cold wallet” keeps the money offline. If the theft from Coincheck is confirmed, it will be the largest in history with the attraction of digital currency. The executive director of the exchange, Yusuke Otsuka, reported the kidnapping of 523 million in the NEM crypto currency.

  • Artificial gamma explosions will make it possible to study black holes

    Miniature gamma explosions allow scientists to study black holes in the laboratory. In order to better understand some of the amazing phenomena and processes occurring in the depths of the cosmos, it is possible to recreate and study miniature copies of these phenomena in the laboratory. A group of researchers from the University of Queens (Queens University), Belfast, created rays from a special kind of plasma, a gas consisting not of molecules and atoms, but of a mixture of elementary particles. The rays of this electron-positron plasma create strong permanent magnetic fields under certain conditions, and their use makes it possible to simulate cosmic high-energy phenomena that generate the strongest gamma-ray bursts, the so-called gamma explosions. In their experiments, scientists used a powerful laser Gemini, located in the laboratory of Rutherford Appleton, UK. The intense light of this laser was directed into the chamber filled with helium, due to which a beam of high-energy electrons was obtained. These electrons were directed to a lead target, which led to the formation of an electron-positron plasma, a plasma consisting of electrons and positrons, particles that are antipodes of electrons from the side of antimatter.

  • Three new “super-earths” in orbit around the cold dwarf were discovered

    Using the extended mission of NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope (Kepler), known as K2, astronomers discovered three new exoplanets of the super-earth class. These newly discovered planets revolve around a cold dwarf called LP415-17. In this work, a team of researchers led by Enrique Diez Alonso of the University of Oviedo, Spain, reports the discovery of three new exoplanets based on observational data collected using the K2 mission. The planets were classified as super-earths, since their masses exceed the mass of the Earth, but are substantially smaller than the masses of the gas giants of the solar system. Located at a distance of 267 light years from Earth, the star LP415-17 belongs to the spectral class K, has a radius of approximately 0.58 of the radius of the Sun, and the mass is 35 percent smaller than that of our star. The effective temperature for this star is 4258 Kelvin, so it is considered a cold dwarf.

  • A mysterious glow in space was explained

    Astronomers of the Canadian University McGill explained the afterglow left after the confluence of neutron stars, according to a press release on the site Phys.org. According to scientists, the radiance, which lasted for a long time after the space catastrophe, arose because of the emissions (jets) of the plasma. As astronomers specified, they usually observe short-term gamma-ray flashes that occur when plasma jets break out from the poles of a black hole or a neutron star and collide with gas and dust. As soon as the influx of energy ceases, the glow in the gamma range ceases. However, the observation of a prolonged outburst after the fusion of neutron stars recorded August 17, 2017 at a distance of 138 million light years from Earth, showed that the mechanism of the appearance of the afterglow should be more complicated.

  • JAXA testing engine for next-generation rocket

    Japan’s space agency is developing the main engine for its next-generation H-III rocket, which could see service in fiscal 2020. The H-III will be key to Japan expanding its presence in the global satellite launch market, which has been dominated by the U.S., Europe and Russia. This marks the first time in about 20 years that Japan has been developing main rocket engines. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, or JAXA, began the first round of firing tests for the LE-9 engine on the southern island of Tanegashima in late April. A total of 11 ground tests are scheduled through June to check performance and durability. The LE-9 is a liquid cryogenic rocket engine burning liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen in an expander bleed cycle. After completing another round of firing tests in fiscal 2018 starting next April, developers will construct the actual engine that will be installed in the H-III. The H-III will succeed the country’s current H-series rockets, H-IIA and H-IIB. The H-III is designed to use three LE-9 engines when configured without strap-on solid rocket boosters, and two LE-9 engines when configured with them. The rocket is designed to launch with zero, two or four strap-on boosters, allowing it to deliver between two and seven metric tons to geostationary transfer orbit. IHI Aerospace, manufacturer of Japan’s Epsilon small launcher, is MHI’s supplier for the strap-on boosters for the H-2A and future H3. Kawasaki Heavy Industries provides the payload fairings.

  • In Kazakhstan, 52 people were killed in a fire bus

    On January 18, a bus caught fire on the Shymkent-Samara highway; 52 people were killed, only five survived. The Setra bus (initially the authorities informed that it was Ikarus) followed from the South Kazakhstan region bordering with Uzbekistan (the city is not specified) to Russian Samara (according to other sources, to Kazan). It was not a regular flight. Of 57 people (two drivers and 55 passengers), three are citizens of Kazakhstan, the rest are from Uzbekistan. The bus caught fire in the Irgiz region of the Aktyubinsk region; he did about half way. The fire began at 10:30 local time (7:30 Moscow time), the bus burned down in a few minutes. Only five, including both drivers, managed to get out. All the victims are citizens of Uzbekistan. According to preliminary data, the cause of the fire was a short circuit.

  • Ukraine has become the leader in the market volume of Bitcoin

    While the Ukrainian authorities are considering whether to recognize Bitcoin as a currency, the volume of the crypto-currency market in our country continues to grow. According to a large-scale study conducted by Citibank analysts, Ukraine is among the four countries in terms of the size of the Bitcoin market: it reached $ 2.5 billion, or about 2.5% of GDP. And this is without taking into account all the numerous altcoyins, such as Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, etc., notes UBR.ua. In the neighborhood with Ukraine, Russia (5% of GDP), New Zealand (4% of GDP) and Nigeria (3.5% of GDP) were located. It is these states, according to Citibank, who will suffer most when the crypto bubble bursts. And that they will not doubt at all that this will happen.

  • Japan’s ASNARO-2 launched on third Epsilon flight

    Japan’s experimental radar imaging satellite ASNARO-2 was launched Thursday aboard the third flight of the Epsilon rocket. Liftoff – from the Uchinoura Space Centre – occurred at the opening of a twenty-four-minute, two-second window opening at 06:06:11 local time (21:06 UTC on Wednesday). Japan’s first launch of 2018, Wednesday’s mission was originally scheduled towards the end of last year, before an electrical issue with the rocket delayed its liftoff. Epsilon was tasked with deploying the ASNARO-2 satellite into a sun-synchronous low Earth orbit. Advanced Satellite with New System Architecture for Observation 2 – or ASNARO-2 – is the second in a series of experimental Earth imaging satellites operated by Japan Space Systems, formerly the Institute for Unmanned Space Experiment Free Flyer (USEF). A radar imaging mission, it follows the ASNARO-1 optical satellite that launched aboard Russia’s Dnepr rocket in November 2014. The mission is funded by Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry through its New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organisation (NEDO).

  • Astronomers created a panorama of the neighborhood of a black hole in the center of the Milky Way

    Based on data from terrestrial and space observatories, astronomers made a panoramic visualization of the vicinity of a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way, N + 1 reported. The preprint of the study is published on the ArXiv.org portal. This will make it possible to understand the dynamics of gas and radiation flows near black holes, according to the website of the Chandra telescope. In the center of the Milky Way in 26 thousand light-years from the Sun there is a compact radio source Sagittarius A *, which, presumably, is a supermassive black hole weighing 4.2 million times the mass of the Sun. Its vicinity is a hotbed of astrophysical activity. An important role in it is played by fluxes of radiation and matter from about thirty massive hot stars of the Wolf-Rayet class, located within one and a half light years from the black hole. The streams of matter that flow from the stars can collide, forming shock waves, or, upon approaching a black hole, fall on it along a spiral trajectory. At the same time, the gas will be heated to high temperatures and radiated in the x-ray range. A black hole can also provoke intense emissions of matter that can “clear” its surroundings from the material of stellar winds.

  • Steep Slopes on Mars Reveal Structure of Buried Ice

    Researchers using NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) have found eight sites where thick deposits of ice beneath Mars’ surface are exposed in faces of eroding slopes.These eight scarps, with slopes as steep as 55 degrees, reveal new information about the internal layered structure of previously detected underground ice sheets in Mars’ middle latitudes.The ice was likely deposited as snow long ago. The deposits are exposed in cross section as relatively pure water ice, capped by a layer one to two yards (or meters) thick of ice-cemented rock and dust. They hold clues about Mars’ climate history. They also may make frozen water more accessible than previously thought to future robotic or human exploration missions. Researchers who located and studied the scarp sites with the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on MRO reported the findings today in the journal Science. The sites are in both northern and southern hemispheres of Mars, at latitudes from about 55 to 58 degrees, equivalent on Earth to Scotland or the tip of South America.

  • China launches latest Beidou-3M satellite duo

    A new pair of navigation satellites were successfully launched by China on Thursday, using a Long March-3B/YZ-1. The launch of the Beidou-3M pair took place at around 23:18 UTC from the LC2 Launch Complex of the Xichang Satellite Launch Center, Sichuan province. It took over four hours to complete the mission.The launch was previously scheduled for 2017. However, this was delayed due to a partial launch failure with a previous launch of this rocket during the Zhongxing-9A (ChinaSat-9A) mission, which resulted in the satellite being lofted to a lower than planned orbit. It is expected that the Beidou-3MEO3 (Beidou-26) and Beidou-3MEO4 (Beidou-27) satellites will be onboard, but a TV news report following last November’s BDS launch – featuring the satellite production facility in Shanghai – referred that the two satellites about to be shipped were marked as “M7 & M8”. So, we will have to wait what designation is given to the satellites when in orbit.

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