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Ocean Conservation Matters

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The ocean makes the earth habitable

The earth's oceans and life in the oceans is what makes the planet habitable. Whether we know it or not, many of our actions impact the ocean in some form. Some of the main problems that pollute the ocean include fertilizers, garbage, and toxic chemicals.

Fertilizer Runoff

The extra nutrients from fertilizing land depletes the oxygen in the water causing many marine animals to suffocate. Eutrophication has caused dead zones in many parts of the world including the Gulf of Mexico and the Baltic Sea.

Garbage in the Ocean

Everyday, garbage from the land makes its way to the ocean. A ton of single use plastics are wasted everyday and wind up in the ocean, as do glass bottles, packaging material, and much more. Aside from being a trash problem, many animals mistake the garbage for food. When inside the animal, the food prevents air from getting into the breathing passages and real food from reaching the stomach causing the animals to die. When the garbage remains there for a long time and is not properly disposed of the sewage can lead to eutrophication. Although it may seem like it only effects the trash it can cause problems for humans ranging from closing beaches to causing infections. The trash can contaminate ground and well waters, which can lead to upper respiratory infections and other kinds of infections hurting human beings.

Toxic Chemicals

Toxic materials get dumped into the ocean all the time, often from land based activities. People assumed the ocean was large it could dilute the chemicals, but that is not true and once they enter the food chain they become more concentrated. It begins with the tiny animals at the bottom of the food chain absorb the chemical while they feed. Chemicals do not break down easily and accumulate in the organism. These organisms are than eaten by small animals who already have already accumulated their own toxins. These small animals are than eaten by larger animals and the concentration continues to accumulate. This also may seem like it only contaminates the animals, but it can wind up in everyday household products or by eating contaminated animals. Even scarier, scientists are finding more and more evidence that suggests these chemicals can cause cancer, damage to the immune system, behavioral problems, and reduced fertility.

resources are limited

The most important thing to remember is that the oceans resources are not unlimited. When making decisions about fertilizer, or recycling remember that so many lives are at stake. For the well being of all humans and all ocean life remember how important it is to think before wasting resources.

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