Now that they actually exist you might be curious about how they work. The functions of a hoverboard can be simplified quite easily. The basics are very easy to understand and it mostly relies on fluid mechanics. Here is a full breakdown of how a hoverboard works so you are able to understand how these boards work.
Even though there are various complex equations involved, it is all about utilising air to make a cushion below the board keep the boards floating. You do not have to be an engineer to understand how it all works because it is very simple and involves common sense. Let's take a look at the several components that come together to make a hoverboard work.
Weight: Weight is one of the most important factors that make a hoverboard work. These little marvels of technology involve lifting; hence weight is of utmost importance to create the air cushion that makes them float. To be able to carry a person and not just the weight of the person itself, all you need to do is increase the air flow and the board will be able to carry you up and keep you floating quite easily.
Fluid Pressure/Air Pressure: Your weight is not all that the board will be carrying, so this is where the weight of the device also comes into play. Adding the weight of the platform itself is also a part of the creation of a hoverboard. It is not as simple as adding a fan at the bottom of your hoverboard and there are various complex equations that go into the making of a hoverboard. This is made possible by the addition of a smart balance wheel.
Controlled air flow: The air flow at the bottom of the hoverboard is controlled to make it work. Hoverboards are known to have a unique airframe which is called a skirt. It is made of elastic material that is known to be strong enough to handle rough usage quite easily. Even if it is subjected to high amounts of pressure you will be able to get a comfortable riding experience without any issues.
Air Passage: Thanks to a downwards facing fan that is located on these boars, air gets sucked into the bottom side of the product and there are holes to make sure that the air flow functions to allow proper passage of air. You can check out a hovercraft manual to get an idea of how it all works out. You can read more on this on any hoverboard manual and it will help you understand how the air passage helps keep the board always afloat allowing you to travel comfortably thanks to the smart balance wheel.
Lastly, the thrust and steering device keeps the device working properly and to get the best possible results you need to travel on smooth surfaces. You also need a device to help you thrust the device forward so you can easily control it. Generally, propellers or rudders are provided on these boards to help you effectively control them without any difficulties.
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