Canadian English isn't merely a mix of British and American words. It's a unique language unto itself.
And researchers have compiled them all into the "Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles."
We picked out some words and phrases from the dictionary, but can you guess what they mean?
A huge, messy mistakeVery foggy conditionsWhat you say when you smell something stinky
"Peasoup" is what you call very foggy conditions.
adj. — informal: extremely foggy. "It's a real peasouper out there by the bay!"
A spring fever that affects newcomers to CalgaryA snowboard company based in CalgaryThe feeling of homesickness for people from Calgary
It's a spring fever that affects newbie Calgarians!
"A kind of malaise resembling spring fever, said to be felt by newcomers in Calgary during the balmy winter days brought on by the Chinook winds."
A doughnut filled with jellyA cookie with jam in the centreAn impromptu musical performance
It's a doughnut!
n. — Food, especially Manitoba, Northwestern Ontario: a doughnut filled with jelly. "This jambuster is delicious AF."
To feel very sleepyDim-wittedA sleepover
It's what you call a dim-witted person!
adj. — informal, slang: dim-witted or lazy. Brits use this word, too.
The insanity that sets in after being stuck inside all winterRabies in Arctic foxesA cocktail made in the North
It's rabies in Arctic foxes.
Researchers found it in a text from 1958.
Literally a bucket for storing honeyWhere you put tips for strippers in Western CanadaA makeshift toilet
It's a toilet!
n. — Slang, rural, Territories: a container used in place of a toilet. Might originate from British military slang.
It's just a short form of "Winnipeg"It's a sex thingIt's slang for the clock tower on Parliament Hill
It's just short for "Winnipeg."
n. Winnipeg, Manitoba. "I'm going to visit my aunt in The Peg this summer."
A party held in the spring hunting seasonA fundraising party for engaged couplesA game to make a bride and groom kiss at a wedding
It's party engaged couples hold.
n. & adj. — predominantly Ontario: a dance or party for an engaged couple to raise funds for their wedding.
A burger with cheese and baconA burger with tomatoes and sauerkrautA burger with ketchup and kimchi
It's a good ol' bacon cheeseburger.
The researchers found a reference to the banquet burger in a 1968 Windsor Star newspaper ad.
A type of hatA small rodent found in Northern SaskatchewanSomeone who's overly enthusiastic
It's an overly enthusiastic person.
n. — informal, slightly derogatory, usually Education. For example, "Kevin studied all night instead of coming to the bar, what a keener."
The garbage disposal in your sinkAnother word for a boat engineA costume designer
It's a garbage disposal.
This word is almost exclusively found in Canada. Like, "put the food scraps in the gaburator."
A multi-room dwelling shared by multiple single menAn one-room apartment with a separate bathroomAny apartment where a single man lives
It's a single-room apartment.
Americans are much more likely to say "studio apartment."
It means good, awesome, strong, etc.
According to the DCHP, "skookum" comes from language used between traders on the west coast. These days, its mainly used in Yukon.
A fire logButt fatA small fishing vessel
It's a fire log.
Specifically, it's a big hunk of wood placed at the back of a fire to keep it going.
Moose stewMelted moose fatMoonshine
A northern slang word for home-distilled liquor. "Pass that moose milk, bud, I'm getting pissed tonight."