3. Dorothy Dandridge was the first African American to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress.
4. The first successful open-heart surgery was performed in 1893 by a black surgeon named Dr. Daniel Hale Williams.
6. Thelonious Monk was one of the greatest jazz composers and a strong leader in the jazz revolution.
13. Ida B. Wells led a movement against lynchings in the 1890s through her informative essays and brave activism.
14. The Harlem Hellfighters spent 191 days in the trenches during World War I, more than any other American unit.
17. And finally, Martin Luther King Jr. was not the first African American to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Note: Submissions have been edited for length and/or clarity.
Do you know of any other black history facts you wish everyone else knew? Tell us in the comments below!
Mary Beatrice Davidson Kenner invented the sanitary belt. An earlier version of this post said that she invented the sanitary pad.