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JFK Faced Plots In Tampa, Chicago, Other Cities During Final Few Months

New book, Death of the Rising Sun, details attempts on Kennedy's life in his last few months; Right-wing Southerners, Cubans stalked JFK seeking an opportunity to shoot him

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JFK faced plots in Chicago, Tampa, other cities during final few months

Kevin James Shay photo

Mike Brownlow, above, was an eyewitness to Kennedy's assassination as a boy. He believes gunmen were shooting from behind the grassy knoll fence, where he stood in August 2016.

This is what is going to happen to me, also. I keep telling you, this is a sick society.

----- MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. to wife Coretta, upon hearing JFK was assassinated, Nov. 22, 1963

NOTE: Tuesday marks the 53rd anniversary of the assassination of John F. Kennedy. The following is an excerpt from the new book, Death of the Rising Sun: A Search for Truth in the John F. Kennedy Assassination, [Kevin James Shay, Amazon, 2016].

By Kevin James Shay

Throughout the last few months of John F. Kennedy's life, threats and warning signs intensified. While the horrible deed eventually happened in Dallas, forever staining that city, what is often lost in this tragedy is that it could easily have occurred in several other cities, including Chicago, Miami, and Tampa.

Alpha 66, the CIA-funded, anti-Castro paramilitary group, reportedly planned several assassination attempts on Kennedy during the president's final year. In December 1962, JFK addressed more than 1,000 Cuban exiles and a crowd of some 40,000 attendees at the Orange Bowl in Miami. He told the large gathering that a flag presented to him by leaders of the Bay of Pigs invasion would "be returned to this brigade in a free Havana."

Some Kennedy aides objected to the president delivering such a message to the crowd, saying it would build up false expectations that the U.S. would support another invasion. JFK reportedly agreed not to speak at the event, but then brigade leaders such as San Roman personally invited him to do so. So he changed his mind.

By that time, many in the anti-Castro Cuban community had heard about Kennedy's pledge not to invade Cuba again that he made to help end the Cuban Missile Crisis. Miami police and Secret Service agents received tips about some Cubans talking about setting off a bomb when JFK spoke in that stadium. Authorities questioned enough people beforehand to stop such an event from occurring. 1

However, that wasn't the end of such conspiratorial talk. Not by a long shot. In June 1963, Kennedy was slated to attend a screening of the movie, PT-109, in Los Angeles. Vaughn Marlowe, the executive officer of the Los Angeles chapter of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, was considered to be recruited to shoot the president by Alpha 66 members Leopoldo and Angel, according to military officer and double agent Richard Case Nagell.

Marlowe not only worked for the far left-wing FPCC, but he supported the Socialist Workers Party and was publicly critical of JFK. He also happened to be a sharpshooter while in the U.S. Army as a Korean War veteran. And like Lee Harvey Oswald, he sometimes used a pseudonym and had visited the Cuban Embassy in Mexico City. Like Oswald, he was the perfect patsy. 2

Later, Marlowe told author Dick Russell that he would joke that Nagell was trying to recruit him to "be Oswald." He was aware of being under surveillance, he said to Jim Garrison. 3

Threats that didn't seem too serious multiplied. No matter how small, Secret Service agents had to check them out. Before a June 1963 trip to Ireland, agents were alerted to two phone threats saying JFK would be killed on that trip. Extra precautions were taken, such as agents carrying guns despite that violating Irish law. 4

By September, Nagell had gotten wind of an attempt that could target Kennedy in Washington, D.C., later that month or in early October. From New Orleans, Oswald had been inexplicably writing left-wing officials saying he was moving to the D.C. area in October, apparently under the recommendation of handlers such as Guy Banister. The latter man, who had ties to virtually every group associated with this case, including the CIA, Cubans, John Birchers, Klansmen, military intelligence, Mafia, and FBI, seemed to be doing his damnedest to implicate Oswald as a communist assassin of JFK. 5

That's when Nagell met with Oswald in New Orleans to warn him, and when that failed to stop anything, he sent the letter to Hoover and fired the shots into the bank building. Suddenly, Oswald switched his focus from D.C. to Mexico City and eventually returned to Dallas. 6

'It could just have been his job'

Within the Secret Service during those chaotic months, "rumors were flying about threats on the president's life," wrote Abraham Bolden, who JFK once referred to as "the Jackie Robinson of the Secret Service" for being the first African-American in that agency to guard the president in 1961.

"Reports had circulated in the agency about Cuban dissidents and right-wing southerners who were stalking [Kennedy] and plotting his assassination," wrote Bolden, who worked in the Chicago office in 1963. "Each weekly meeting brought information about some new organized group with a plot of its own." 7

While threats came from Marcello, Trafficante, Hoffa, and other Mafia-connected figures [see Chapter Four], some of the ugliest ones emanated from gatherings like the annual Congress of Freedom in New Orleans in April 1963. At that meeting of far-right extremists, FBI and Miami police informant William "Willie" Somersett said some leaders spoke of plans for a broad-based assassination campaign against not just political leaders they considered pro-communist, but those in business and international relations. Most stopped short of openly mentioning a specific plot against Kennedy. 8

But Somersett, who had been an informant for the FBI since 1949 as he rose to national Klan leadership positions, knew better than most what they meant and how serious they were. Sure, he was a Klan leader and agreed with many right-wing causes, such as maintaining segregation and opposing Kennedy's perceived push to sell out his country to the Soviet communists and United Nations-supporting liberals. But he might not have been a hardcore racist; in 1964, he worked to stop race discrimination among hiring of mechanics in Miami. 9

Moreover, Somersett did not support Klan violence. And he needed to make a living. Organizing for a labor union on a part-time basis didn't pay many bills. As a longtime member of far-right groups and an imposing man whose nickname among authorities was "88" since he reminded them of an Oldsmobile 88, Somersett could gain the confidence of movement leaders like Joseph A. Milteer. Somersett and Milteer developed a fairly close relationship as they became Klan leaders, with Milteer representing the Dixie Klan faction and far-right Constitution Party that was a front for a violent undercover group.

Somersett could find out important information that helped authorities stop plots against the Kennedys, Martin Luther King, and others before they gained much traction. And he could make some dough in the process. It was risky, but hell, you had to take risks to get somewhere in life, he figured.

"Through the years, Somersett had been associated with right-wing politics, but he disliked groups pressing for violence," investigative journalist Dan Christensen wrote. "Why he became an informer is uncertain. Money? Honor? Patriotism? It could just have been his job." 10

Major Gen. Edwin Walker and Lt. Gen. Pedro del Valle, a founder of the minutemangroup Defenders of the American Constitution, were among the speakers at the Congress of Freedom meeting. Del Valle, in particular, was involved in assassination plots "in a big way," Somersett said. Del Valle and Walker had discussed assassinating certain "enemies" in top government and business positions as early as 1962, author Jeffrey H. Caufield wrote. 11

After Somersett informed the FBI of the plots discussed in New Orleans, agents interrogated several suspects who spoke at the meeting. Thereafter, such talk of broad-based assassinations subsided. But they were replaced with a more specific plan targeting Kennedy, Somersett said, which included discussions at the Constitution Party's meeting in Indianapolis in mid-October. But the focus was not just on JFK; Milteer at the same meeting offered to have a member of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee in Atlanta killed. 12

Adding fuel to Somersett's information, the FBI interviewed a man in Mexico in mid-November 1963 who claimed to have prior knowledge of a plot to kill JFK. He said he was a Klan member and had heard that a group related to the far-right racist National States' Rights Party planned to assassinate Kennedy and others. 13

Gun-wielding man approaches JFK in Nashville

In May, a man approached Kennedy at Overton High School in Nashville, Tenn., during a visit, according to a 1992 newspaper report. The man carried a gun underneath a sack and was grabbed by Secret Service agents before he got too close to the president. The incident was kept quiet to supposedly not encourage similar attacks. 14

In July, James A. Hawkins, a 22-year old unemployed man from Richmond, Va., criticized JFK's civil rights efforts in front of a gas station attendant in Laurel, Md. Then, he stated that he was going to Washington "to blow up the White House and kill the president." The attendant called police, who searched Hawkins' bag and did not find any weapons. Hawkins headed south to Mobile, Ala., where he was arrested by Secret Service agents and claimed to be joking about the threat. 15

Hawkins also boasted to some people in Maryland that he was going to New Orleans to "attend a meeting which would lead to the assassination of John F. Kennedy," a Mobile police sergeant later told New Orleans Assistant DA Andrew Sciambra. 16

Several Dallas area residents were overheard saying that Kennedy should – or would – be killed. In September, John Richard Salisbury, an engineer with Brown & Root construction firm in Houston, visited a relative, Robert Norris, employed by Hunt Oil Co. in Dallas. Norris supposedly said JFK will "get shot or killed," if he visited Texas, according to Salisbury. 17

Ernesto Castellanos, the anti-Castro activist who was on a plane headed for the Bay of Pigs in 1961 before being told to land, vowed in September that he and others would give JFK "the works when he gets in Dallas." The remarks were made on a tape recording of a John Birch Society meeting in Dallas suburb Farmers Branch that was released by a retired Dallas police officer to the House Assassinations Committee. Two other Cuban exiles, Ed Hughes and Francisco Leyba, spoke at the meeting. 18

In October, Army private Eugene B. Dinkin, a telegraph code breaker stationed in Europe, wrote Robert Kennedy that "an attempt to assassinate the President would occur on November 28th; that if it were to succeed, blame would be placed upon a communist or a Negro, who would be designated the assassin." Dinkin added that the conspiracy "was being engineered by the military," and "a military coup might ensue." He based such conclusions on studies of military newspapers in which he suspected a bias to portray JFK as a communist sympathizer. 19

When he got no response from RFK, Dinkin told a newspaper editor in Geneva, Switzerland, and the editor of Overseas Weekly in Germany about his plot suspicions. He was eventually transported to a psychiatric hospital in France, then to Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D.C., for tests.

Naval Air Station reserves discuss killing JFK 'in jest'

Around November 1, mattress company representative Delbert Lekiartin told FBI agents that furniture representative Louis L. Springfield said that if Kennedy came to Dallas, he "would, could, or might be shot." Springfield had said "it would be very easy to do so that someone could shoot the president from an overpass and could conceal himself behind the abutments on the overpass." 20

Springfield also said it "would be quite easy" to obtain a gun or rifle from a mail-order house, according to Lekiartin. That was a specific detail that authorities attributed to Oswald. The remarks were made at the Dallas Trade Mart on Stemmons Freeway where both companies did business. 21

Springfield, a Marine reserves sergeant and intelligence chief at the former Naval Air Station in Grand Prairie, admitted to an FBI agent that men at the unit "frequently" discussed how JFK should be killed, but their remarks were "in jest." He clarified that he never said JFK would be killed for sure in Dallas, but that it was possible based on "the feelings of individuals he knew and the comments some of them made." 22

He added that he "probably" said that whoever shot Kennedy deserved a medal, but he denied making the remarks about the mail-order rifle. The base was later decommissioned, becoming the Grand Prairie Armed Forces Reserve Complex.

Ted Marscico, also of the mattress company, confirmed Lekiartin's account, including the part about the mail-order rifle. He added that he tried to turn the conversation into a more light-hearted one, but Springfield would maintain seriously that JFK "would be shot." 23

Then, Russell McLarry, who worked near the Dallas Trade Mart, reportedly told two women he would shoot JFK when he got there. Secret Service arrested him shortly after the assassination, and he said he was "glad" JFK was killed. But McLarry insisted before a grand jury that he was joking. He was not indicted. 24

Preassassination threats towards Kennedy were so prevalent that people placed bets on whether Kennedy would be killed in Dallas. A service station manager in Grants, N.M., said someone showed him $8,000 shortly after the assassination that he had won in such a bet. A Dallas bar operator said he heard there was a $100,000 offer being circulated in various right-wing political circles to kill JFK. 25

White House cancels Chicago trip amid plot

The most established plot besides the one in Dallas centered on Chicago. On November 2, JFK planned to visit the Windy City to view the Army-Air Force football game at Soldier Field and ride in a motorcade.

White House officials abruptly canceled the Chicago trip, even as police prepared to line the parade route and details of the route from O'Hare International Airport had been published in newspapers. Officials cited a diplomatic crisis likely related to the arrest and assassination of South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem. A CIA-supported coup successfully seized the presidential palace, and Diem was captured and killed on November 2.

But Agent Bolden said the decision was made after Maurice Martineau, the Chicago special agent in charge, called the White House and recommended that the trip be canceled. The security threats were real, Bolden said. One involved former Marine Thomas Arthur Vallee, who was arrested after police found an M-1 rifle, handgun, and 3,000 rounds of ammunition in his vehicle.

Vallee was "outspokenly opposed to President Kennedy's foreign policy," and his landlord reported that the John Birch Society member had requested time off from his job on November 2, according to the House Assassinations Committee. Vallee had a history of mental illness and was believed to be an expert marksman. 26

Shockingly, the information that Chicago Secret Service agents obtained on Vallee was not forwarded to the Dallas agents. The Secret Service noted in a report that Vallee's background was similar to Oswald's in some respects. 27

Some say Vallee was being set up as an Oswald-like patsy, while a four-man assassination team did the dirty work. The Chicago Secret Service office received a teletype message from the FBI shortly before November 2 about four men with high-powered rifles, said Bolden. At least one of the suspects had a "Spanish-sounding name" and could have been Cuban, Bolden told the House Assassinations Committee. 28

A high-powered rifle was confiscated from a suspected conspirator in Chicago shortly before Kennedy's trip was canceled, Bolden said. Agents received another tip from a motel manager who saw automatic rifles with telescopic sights and a map of Kennedy's parade route in a room she just rented to two Cubans, Bolden said. 29

But for some reason, Secret Service agents were not sent to that room, Bolden said. Two suspects were eventually detained and questioned by Secret Service agents before being released, while the other two escaped, he said. Bolden blamed, in part, shoddy Secret Service work for not arresting all the suspects, while others wondered why the two detained suspects were not charged with crimes. 30

Kennedy was to be ambushed as his vehicle made a slow, hairpin exit from a highway onto a street near a tall warehouse building where Vallee worked, similar to what would happen in Dallas three weeks later. An FBI tip reportedly came from an informant known only as "Lee." Some thought "Lee" was Lee Harvey Oswald.

Bolden cited other examples of security lapses, such as agents drinking on the job and not being properly trained. He added that many used the "n-word" and spoke negatively about Kennedy's policies to the point it might have impacted their protection of the president. 31

While even the House Assassinations Committee later concluded it was unable to "determine specifically" why the president's trip to Chicago was canceled, Bolden told a Chicago TV station that the president's life being in "such severe danger" was the reason. "I think there would have been an attempt," Bolden said. "I think it would've been successful." 32

Less than a week before JFK's death, the whistleblower Bolden was suddenly ordered to report to Washington, D.C., where the IRS offered him an undercover position for an investigation of Congressional aides. That would require his old identity – even his birth certificate – to be erased, which raised his suspicions about being "disappeared." Bolden declined the position, to the anger of superiors, and returned to Chicago fearful that JFK was about to be killed. 33

A few days before the assassination, the Chicago Secret Service office received another report about anti-Castro Cuban exile and suspected CIA gun runner Homer Echevarria being heard making a statement that JFK was going to be "taken care of." Instead of telling the Secret Service agents in Dallas, Martineau launched a local investigation that turned up little before the assassination, Bolden said. 34

After JFK's killing, Chicago agents kept pursuing the Echevarria investigation, but in early December 1963, Martineau told them the FBI was taking over the case. Martineau ordered agents to turn in all notes and reports, and forget Echevarria existed. 35

Foiling the Florida plot

On November 9, Miami police convinced Somersett to secretly tape record a conversation with right-wing associate Milteer at Somersett's Miami apartment. On tape, Milteer claimed there was a plot to assassinate JFK. He refrained from saying he was involved himself.

In the recording, Milteer and Somersett discussed JFK's planned November 18 trip to Florida. At one point, Somersett asked, "How in the hell do you figure would be the best way to get [Kennedy]?"

Milteer replied, "From an office building with a high-powered rifle."

"You think [Kennedy] knows he is a marked man?" queried Somersett.

"Sure he does."

"They are really going to try to kill him?"

"Oh, yeah. It is in the working," Milteer said. 36

Milteer mentioned a Klansman - believed to be Chattanooga, Tenn., Klan leader Jack Brown - as someone who was "just as likely to get [JFK] as anybody." Brown was suspected of bombing the homes of African-Americans in the Chattanooga area in 1960. He had supposedly stalked Martin Luther King "for miles and miles, and couldn't get close enough to him," Milteer said. 37

Miami police provided a transcript of the recording to Secret Service agents on November 12. The Secret Service and FBI opened files on the matter and conducted a superficial investigation of Milteer.

The right-winger also referred to Brown as someone who could have been among those who bombed a Birmingham, Ala., church on September 15 in which four young African-American girls were killed. Four other Klansmen were eventually arrested for that horrendous crime. The agencies closed the Milteer files within a few days, well before Kennedy's assassination. 38

Once again, the threat cited by Milteer was "ignored" by Secret Service who planned JFK's Dallas trip, according to the House Assassinations Committee. Somersett later went so far as to charge Robert Kennedy with not performing his duties as attorney general by sending more FBI agents to Dallas to guard his brother. Copies of the tape were sent to RFK, the FBI, and Secret Service well before November 22, Somersett said. But it was not clear if RFK actually heard that tape. 39

Kennedy visited Florida as planned on November 18, but authorities took more precautions after learning of the Milteer/Somersett recording. Hundreds of police and agents mingled with the crowd in Tampa and searched for signs of a rifle pointed from an open window along JFK's parade route.

Santo Trafficante was reportedly involved in planning the attempt, and the mob boss aborted the plan after learning about authorities' stepped-up security, according to authors Lamar Waldron and Thom Hartman. Gunmen had planned to fire upon Kennedy's motorcade as it made a slow turn in front of the Floridan Hotel. 40

Cuban exile Gilberto Lopez, who had defected to Russia, visited Mexico City in the fall of 1963, and acted like a Castro supporter, was allegedly used to serve as a patsy, a la Oswald and Vallee. Lopez had even received a new job along that parade route about the same time that Oswald and Vallee obtained new jobs in Dallas and Chicago, respectively, along those proposed parade routes. 41

The Tampa situation was complicated by other reported threats. Wayne Gainey, a psychiatric outpatient in Tampa, claimed that Klan members urged him to attempt to kill JFK. His parents assured police they would watch him, and an agent monitored the house during Kennedy's visit. John William Warrington, another mental patient, claimed to want to kill JFK because of his association with Martin Luther King. He wrote threatening letters shortly before Kennedy's visit and was arrested. 42

Right after JFK was shot, Tampa landlord Diane Grybek said tenant Henry Edward Scott, or Enrico Aaron de Dusseldorf, told her he was aware of a plot to assassinate JFK in Tampa November 18. Scott, a tax cab driver who went by "Rico," was an El Salvador native who had relatives in Cuba. 43

But when FBI agents interviewed Scott, he denied saying he knew of a plot, only that it would have been easy to accomplish in Tampa had someone tried. Scott claimed to have arranged gun sales on behalf of anti-Castro Cubans that were shipped through New Orleans and Central America. FBI agents found a slip of paper on him with the name of Raymond Harrell of Dallas. Harrell told agents he only knew Scott from being driven in his cab in Laredo, Tx. 44

As JFK prepared to visit Miami, authorities received word of a bomb threat and the possibility that a gunman with a high-powered rifle targeted the president. Some 250 police officers were added to the security force. A motorcade through Miami was canceled, and Kennedy was flown via helicopter to a scheduled speech. Some argued that was the plan all along, that there had not been time for a parade in Miami. 45

But even then, Kennedy haters attempted to use a bazooka-like weapon "to bring down [JFK's] helicopter," said author Jim Marrs. 46

Somersett continued to risk his life to help authorities stop other plots of attempted racially-based killings and bombings in the South before he died in 1970. The FBI reported that he was "one of the few Klan informants that possesses the ability, incentive, and appropriate cover to go anywhere in the southeast section of the United States concerning [FBI] matters." Caufield called him "an unsung hero" in the efforts against the racist violence of the 1950s and 1960s. "His work likely prevented untold numbers of bombings, burnings, and murders," Caufield said. 47

But perhaps, as Christensen suggested, Somersett was just doing his job.

Excerpt from Death of the Rising Sun: A Search for Truth in the John F. Kennedy Assassination by Kevin James Shay [Amazon, 2016]

Notes

1 Russell, Dick. The Man Who Knew Too Much. Carroll & Graf, 1992, p. 165; Conway, Debra. “Castro Assassination Plots.” JFK Lancer Productions & Publications, November 2007.

2 Russell, Dick. The Man Who Knew Too Much. Carroll & Graf, 1992, pp. 210-219.

3 Simkin, John. “Vaughn Marlowe.” Spartacus Educational. August 2014.

4 Ayton, Mel. Hunting the President: Threats, Plots and Assassination Attempts – From FDR to Obama. Regnery History, 2014. p. 64.

5 Douglass, James W. JFK and the Unspeakable: Why He Died and Why It Matters. Orbis Books, 2008, pp. 154-56.

6 Russell, Dick. The Man Who Knew Too Much. Carroll & Graf, 1992, pp. 437, 673.

7 Bolden, Abraham. The Echo from Dealey Plaza: The True Story of the First African American on the White House Secret Service Detail and His Quest for Justice after the Assassination of JFK. Harmony Books, 2008, pp. 48-49.

8 Caufield, Jeffrey H. General Walker and the Murder of President Kennedy: The Extensive New Evidence of a Radical-Right Conspiracy. Moreland Press, 2015, p. 141.

9 Ibid., p. 94.

10 Christensen, Dan. “JFK, King: The Dade County links.” Miami Magazine, September 1976.

11 Caufield, Jeffrey H. General Walker and the Murder of President Kennedy: The Extensive New Evidence of a Radical-Right Conspiracy. Moreland Press, 2015. pp. 174, 197-98.

12 Caufield, Jeffrey H. General Walker and the Murder of President Kennedy, pp. 156-58, 197-98.

13 Jesus, Gil. “Threats against JFK – 1963.” Oct. 26, 2002.

14 Nashville Banner, Jan. 23, 1992; Ayton, Mel. Hunting the President: Threats, Plots and Assassination Attempts – From FDR to Obama. Regnery History, 2014. p. 64.

15 “Baltimore Hearing Set in JFK Threat Case.” Associated Press, July 30, 1963.

16 Sciambra, Andrew J. “Trip to Mobile, Ala., on May 5, 1967 thru May 7, 1967.” New Orleans District Attorney’s office memo, May 8, 1967.

17 Jesus, Gil. “Threats against JFK – 1963.” Oct. 26, 2002.

18 Golz, Earl. “1963 tape reveals threat to JFK.” The Dallas Morning News. Aug. 14, 1978.

19 Russell, Dick. The Man Who Knew Too Much. Carroll & Graf, 1992, pp. 349-52.

20 Basham, Robert, and Anderson, Robert. FBI Report DL 89-43. Nov. 27, 1963.

21 Ibid.

22 Ibid.

23 Horton, Emory E. FBI Report DL 89-43. Nov. 24, 1963.

24 Ayton, Mel. Hunting the President: Threats, Plots and Assassination Attempts –From FDR to Obama. Regnery History, 2014. pp. 66-67.

25 Clark, Kyle. FBI Report DL 89-43. Dec. 3, 1963.

26 “Findings of the Select Committee on Assassinations in the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy.” House Select Committee on Assassinations, 1979.

27 Ibid.

28 Ibid.

29 Ibid.

30 Bolden, Abraham. The Echo from Dealey Plaza. Harmony Books, 2008, pp. 49, 55-56.

31 Ibid.

32 Goudie, Chuck. “JFK murder plots planned in Chicago before Dallas assassination.” ABC7 News, Nov. 5, 2013.

33 Bolden, Abraham. The Echo from Dealey Plaza, pp. 47-50; Douglass, James W. JFK and the Unspeakable: Why He Died and Why It Matters. Orbis Books, 2008, pp. 213-17.

34 Bolden, Abraham, The Echo from Dealey Plaza, pp. 56-58.

35 Ibid.

36 Wilkes, Jr. Donald E. “The Georgian who knew a sniper would kill JFK.” Flagpole, Oct. 23, 2013.

37 Christensen, Dan. “A Miami police informant, a prophetic racist and fresh questions about JFK’s death.” Miami Herald, Nov. 15, 2013; “Transcript of Milteer-Somersett Tape,” Mary Ferrell Foundation website. From Weisberg, Harold, “The Milteer Documents.” The Assassinations: Dallas and Beyond, Random House, 1976.

38 Wilkes, Jr. Donald E. “The Georgian who knew a sniper would kill JFK.” Flagpole, Oct. 23, 2013.

39 “Findings of the Select Committee on Assassinations in the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy.” House Select Committee on Assassinations, 1979; Somersett, Willie A. “I Charge Robert F. Kennedy with Murder.” National Federation of Labor News, March 26, 1967.

40 Waldron, Lamar, and Hartman, Thom. Ultimate Sacrifice: John and Robert Kennedy, the Plan for a Coup in Cuba, and the Murder of JFK. Counterpoint, 2008; Liberto, Jennifer. “New book tells of JFK plot in Tampa.” Tampa Bay Times, Nov. 23, 2005.

41 Liberto, Jennifer. “New book tells of JFK plot in Tampa.” Tampa Bay Times, Nov. 23, 2005.

42 Ayton, Mel. Hunting the President: Threats, Plots and Assassination Attempts--From FDR to Obama. Regnery History, 2014. p. 66.

43 Ligarde, Fred, and Rutherford, Howard K. FBI report TP 62-455.

44 Ibid.

45 Benn, Evan S. “JFK toured Florida only days before he was assassinated in Dallas.” Miami Herald, Nov. 16, 2013.

46 Rense, Jeff. “Jim Marrs – Lee Harvey Oswald – American Hero.” Jeff Rense Program, 2013.

47 Caufield, Jeffrey H. General Walker and the Murder of President Kennedy, p. 94.

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