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How Much Do You Know About Human Trafficking?

There are more slaves now then ever in history. Human trafficking affects millions of people worldwide, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or age. Test your knowledge on the topic below:

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  1. 1. What is human trafficking?

    The illegal exploitation of someone for the purposes of forced labor or commercial sexual acts
    The illegal exploitation of someone for the purposes of commercial sexual acts
    The movement of people across country borders for the purpose of forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation

    The National Human Trafficking Hotline defines human trafficking as “a crime involving the exploitation of someone for the purposes of compelled labor or a commercial sex act through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.”

  2. 2. How many people are victims of human trafficking worldwide?

    6.8 million
    10.3 million
    20.9 million
    30.2 million

    The International Labor Organization estimates that there are 20.9 million victims of human trafficking globally - that corresponds to about 3 out of every 1,000 people. This estimation is from 2012, so it has likely increased since then as methods for how to estimate victim numbers improves.

  3. 3. In order for an act to be considered sexual trafficking of minors under age 18, which of the following is NOT required?

    The trafficker must induce, recruit, harbor, transport, or obtain the victim
    There must be an element of force, fraud, or coercion
    The victim must be involved in commercial sex acts, i.e. "working"
    All are required to be considered sex trafficking of minors

    Under U.S. federal law, any minor under 18 induced into commercial sex is a victim of sex trafficking—regardless of whether or not the trafficker used force, fraud, or coercion.

  4. 4. Is human trafficking a state or federal crime in the United States?


    The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 established human trafficking and related offenses as federal crimes, and attached severe penalties to them. To see other U.S. federal laws regarding human trafficking, click here.

  5. 5. What is the top sex trafficking venue?

    Residential brothels
    Commercial front brothels

    Commercial front brothels are the most common sex trafficking venues. These mostly include fake massage businesses that pretend to offer spa services but actually harbor sex trafficking victims for prostitution.

  6. 6. Of all the cases reported to the National Human Trafficking Hotline in 2016, how many were cases with minors?


    The National Human Trafficking Hotline reported 5,748 cases in 2016 and 1,828 of them involved minors -- which is 31.8%.

  7. 7. Which race is the most commonly sexually trafficked in the United States?


    According to 2013 data, of confirmed sex trafficking victims whose race was known, 26% were white, 40% were black, 4% were Asian, and 24% were Hispanic. The surprising disparity is that African-Americans make up 13.1% of the total population in the U.S., proving that they are certainly at a higher risk than white women and men.

  8. 8. True or false: Blacks are overrepresented and whites are underrepresented in sex trafficking because the consumer demand for people of color is higher than the demand for whites.


    Traffickers are savvy businessmen (or women) who want to keep victims that are more marketable and desirable for their customers. African-Americans are seen as more exotic and garner a higher demand, and in a recent Urban Institute study of traffickers, a majority thought trafficking black women would land them less time in jail if they were caught.

  9. 9. An increasingly more common venue for women and girls from Latin America to get sexually trafficked in the U.S. is in


    According to a report by the Polaris Project, Thousands of women and girls from Latin America are forced into underground sex economies in bars and cantina-type establishments across the U.S. Often underage, lacking legal immigration documents, limited knowledge of English, or facing threats, these victims of sex trafficking are trapped in terribly manipulative and violent situations.

  10. 10. Nearly three-fourths of human trafficking victims are Asian. What Asian country has the highest number of victims?


    According to the Global Slavery Index, India has 18.4 million victims of human trafficking, China has 3.4 million, Pakistan has 2.1 million, and Bangladesh has 1.5 million.

How Much Do You Know About Human Trafficking?


Whether you got 10 right or 0, you are now more aware of human trafficking and the widespread affect it has on our world. Share the knowledge you learned to help others become more aware of human trafficking.

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Awareness is key.

If you or someone you know are being trafficked, call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 1-888-373-7888. Or text HELP to 233733.

The most important step in ending human trafficking is raising awareness and recognizing potential red flags. Please visit the Polaris Project for more information regarding warning signs of victims of human trafficking.

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