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    21 Medieval Marginalia That Look Like Emojis

    Just like emojis, marginalia - the pictures in the margins of medieval manuscripts - perform a bunch of different functions. They can add to, or illustrate the text they're with, or they can be completely random. And sometimes they look just like emojis.

    1.

    bl.uk / Via Royal 13 B VIII f. 19v

    "Cow-stag of Chester".

    From a 12th-century manuscript from Lincoln, England. Written by Gerald of Wales.

    2.

    bl.uk / Via Royal 6 E VI f. 16v

    The floating head of Christ.

    From a 14th-century manuscript from London, written by James le Palmer.

    3.

    thedigitalwalters.org / Via The Digital Walters, MS W87, f. 8v

    Hunting Grotesque.

    From a 14th-century Flemish Book of Hours, a devotional book with prayers in.

    4.

    thedigitalwalters.org / Via The Digital Walters, MS W102, f. 29r

    Head of Christ.

    From a 13th-century English Book of Hours.

    5.

    bl.uk / Via Royal 12 F XIII f. 24

    Crocodile.

    From 13th-century bestiary, probably made in Rochester, England.

    6.

    bl.uk / Via Royal 13 A XI f. 108v

    Angry Taurus.

    From an 11th-century French manuscript containing texts on astrology.

    7.

    bl.uk / Via Harley 4751 f. 47

    Owl trying to ignore that he's being pecked by birds.

    From a 13th-century bestiary, probably made in Salisbury.

    8.

    Flickr: beinecke_library / Via The Rothschild Canticles, MS 404, f. 157v

    Marginal head who cannot believe it.

    From a 14th-century book of meditations and prayers from Flanders or the Rhineland.

    9.

    bl.uk / Via Harley 4751 f. 6

    A pard. Like a lion but not a lion.

    From a 13th-century English bestiary, probably from Salisbury.

    10.

    bl.uk / Via Stowe 17 f. 185

    Snail cat, snail cat...

    From a 14th-century Dutch book of hours.

    11.

    bl.uk / Via Harley 3244 f. 49v

    Sad Cat, so alone.

    From a bestiary in a 13th-century English manuscript.

    12.

    bl.uk / Via Harley 4951 f. 300v

    Dancer. Single lady.

    From a late 13th-century French manuscript with chants in.

    13.

    bl.uk / Via Arundel 484 f. 245

    Devil and a dead man.

    From an early 14th-century French manuscript.

    14.

    bl.uk / Via Harley 3244 f. 50

    Ants.

    From a 13th-century English miscellany.

    15.

    Flickr: beinecke_library / Via The Rothschild Canticles, MS 404, f. 134r

    Trumpeter.

    From a 14th-century book of meditations and prayers from Flanders or the Rhineland.

    16.

    bl.uk / Via Harley 4951 f. 297v

    Musician.

    From a late 13th-century French manuscript with chants in.

    17.

    bl.uk / Via Additional 14761 f. 26v

    Party, and "a hare placing a stick upon a dog's head".

    From The Barcelona Haggadah, a 14th-century Spanish manuscript.

    18.

    bl.uk / Via Sloane 2435 f. 23

    Snail with a man's head.

    From a 13th-century French manuscript.

    19.

    bl.uk / Via Royal 13 B VIII f. 19v

    "Woman of Connaught" and a friend.

    From a 12th-century manuscript from Lincoln, England. Written by Gerald of Wales.

    20.

    bl.uk / Via Sloane 4016 f. 50

    The Majestic Elephant.

    From a 15th-century Italian herbal.

    21.

    bl.uk / Via Arundel 471 ff. 144v-145

    Manicule.

    From a 14th-century Italian manuscript.

    22.

    bl.uk / Via Royal 12 E XXV f. 23

    Dancing Manicule.

    From a late 13th-century English manuscript.

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