Via WikicommonsVia WikicommonsVia WikicommonsVia Wikicommons
The Creation of Adam
The most famous fresco in the Sistine Chapel is a creation of Michelangelo Buonarroti.
The ScreamThe MoanRed SkyDementors
Edvard Munch got the inspiration for this painting while taking a walk with friends. In the middle of the walk he felt exhausted and stopped to take a breath and he saw the red sky of the twilight as "tongues of blood and fire", as if nature was shouting at him.
Paul GauguinVincent van GoghAmedeo ModiglianiMarc Chagall
Vincent van Gogh
Even though it is probably his most famous work, van Gogh always considered it a failure. The painting is a study of the starry sky that he could see from his room in the Saint Paul mental hospital.
Raphael and MichelangeloPlato and SocratesAristotle and PlatoMichelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci
Aristotle and Plato
Raphael didn't leave a single stroke to chance on this fresco. If you have a few minutes, you must look at it in detail. Aristotle points to the floor while he holds a copy of his book on ethics. Plato points to the sky, apparently defending the superiority of ideas. Around them, it is believed that several Greek philosophers argue with scientists from Raphael's time.
The goal of surrealism as an artistic movement is to liberate the creative power of the unconscious mind, which is capable of associating images and elements in an irrational manner.
This avant-garde movement abandoned the traditional representation of objects, exploring them instead from several points of view simultaneously by using simple geometric shapes.
Max ErnstMarcel DuchampRené MagritteJoan Miró
The reason this painting says "this is not a pipe" is because it is not; it is merely the representation of a pipe.
The goal of Johannes Vermeer's work was to use art to portray common people. His portraits give value to those forgotten by society, such as this lacemaker, who works arduously on beautiful creations without receiving any acknowledgment from those who are wealthy enough to wear her work.
Old Mexico Against New MexicoMexican history Between Corpses and GeneralsDream of a Sunday Afternoon in the Alameda CentralPan-American Union
Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in the Alameda Central
This is one of those murals that must be admired for a long time and with close attention to the details. Between the crowd you can see several figures from Mexican history, and Diego Rivera in in the middle, accompanied by death and Frida Kahlo.
José Clemente OrozcoGunther GerzsoFermín RevueltasDavid Alfaro Siqueiros
David Alfaro Siqueiros
Siqueiros was equal parts revolutionary and painter. In the early '30s he was imprisoned for his activities in the Communist Party. In 1938 he fought against Franco in the Spanish Civil War and in 1940 he had to escape to Mexico after participating in an attempt to assassinate Trotsky in Frida Kahlo's house.
The Valley of MexicoMorelia, MichoacánGuadalajara, JaliscoHermosillo, Sonora
The Valley of Mexico
It was painted on the Santa Isabel mountain range. On the horizon you can see the Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl mountains.
Remedios VaroLeonora Carrington
The painting is called Creation of the Birds and it is one of the most recognizable works of Mexican surrealism.
Portrait of Beatrice Hastings
This is a work of Amedeo Modigliani. It can be identified by two characteristic traits of his style: a very long neck and eyes without pupils.
Roy LichtensteinAndy WarholRobert RauschenbergJean-Michel Basquiat
It is not "only a can of soup". By removing it from its original context and inserting it into a painting, Warhol forces us to pay attention to the beauty contained in the design of a mass-produced brand icon.
Number 32No titleNumber 1Number 5
This one was tough. That's why it was extra credit.
If You Do Better Than 10/14 On This Quiz, You're Probably An Art Historian
The good news is that you learned a lot of great artists today whose work you can now go explore. Art history is like world history, but much prettier and with fewer wars.
You know quite a bit, but you've got more to learn. The good news is that it's never too late to get into art. You can start with the artists recommend in this quiz.
Congratulations, you did it very well. Even Salvador Dalí is excited by how well you did on the quiz.
Congratulations! You have an unrivaled knowledge of art history. (I mean, other than art historians and museum curators, probably.)
This post was translated from Spanish.