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Test Your Knowledge On Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are a real and serious condition that is not simply a phase or a lifestyle choice. There are many myths about eating disorders that are not true; for example, it is not only a disorder that adolescent females struggle with, but it can happen to anyone. In fact, it is life-threatening when symptoms are severe; those struggling with an eating disorder is recommended to seek professional help.

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  1. Eating disorders were found in 21st century.

    google.com
    True
    False
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Anorexia Nervosa was formally characterized by William Gull in 1873. Bulimia Nervosa was characterized by Gerald Russell in 1979. However both disorders' symptoms have first been described centuries ago. The symptoms included self-starvation and vomiting willingly for religious purposes.

    Via nouw.com
  2. Who has an eating disorder?

    Correct!
    Wrong!

    It’s hard to know!

    Anyone can have an eating disorder and we are not able to know simply by looking at his/her appearance. You can be of any weight and still have an eating disorder. Some of the consequences that people with eating disorder suffer are not physically identified, such as muscle loss, electrolyte imbalance- which can lead to irregular heart beat, low body temperature, and reduction of bone density (osteoporosis).

    It’s hard to know!
    Via cdn.tinybuddha.com
  3. Eating Disorder has highest mortality rate of any psychological disorders

    wordpress.com
    True
    False
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Eating disorders have the highest death rate of any psychiatric illness. The first common cause of death is heart disease. Specifically, Tahyarrhythmias, which is defined as rapid heart rate usually passing 100 beats per minute. It is the #1 cause of death in eating disorders. Suicide being the second cause of death for eating disorders. It is common for eating disorders to be comorbid with alcohol and substance abuse disorder, depression, mood disorders, and anxiety disorders, which may make their symptoms worse and recovery more difficult.

    Via s299.photobucket.com
  4. Effects of media on eating disorder risk factors are significant.

    True
    False
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Effects of media on eating disorder risk factors are small or non-significant. However, results from experimental research studies show that media exposure significantly increases body dissatisfaction for people who desires to be thin. When Internalization of the thin ideal links with other personality traits, such as perfectionism, it can lead to body dissatisfaction and Bulimic symptoms. Although effects of media on eating disorder is not significant, it can trigger body dissatisfaction for people with high internalization of thin ideal. Through the experiments, it also showed that genetic is a significant risk factor for eating disorder.

    Via effectsofsm.wordpress.com
  5. What is the cause of eating disorder?

    Correct!
    Wrong!

    It may be all, it may be none of the above. There is no specific cause of eating disorder!

    Although the factors above may play a role in eating disorders, there is not a single determinant in identifying if someone has an eating disorder. Some factors that impact the development of eating disorder includes genetic vulnerability, psychological factors (such as personality traits, including perfectionism, obsessive-compulsive), and socio-cultural factors (such as body dissatisfaction, internalization of thin ideal)

    It may be all, it may be none of the above. There is no specific cause of eating disorder!
  6. Which one of the following is true?

    Tap to play GIF Tap to play GIF
    Eating disorders are a lifestyle choice.
    Recovery from eating disorders is impossible.
    Eating disorders are just a phase.
    Eating disorders are easy to beat – just eat more or less.
    All of the above
    None of the above
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    These are the common myths about eating disorders. Eating disorders are not a choice but mental health disorders like depression and schizophrenia. Eating disorders are caused by many different risk factors such as genetics, culture, and etc. Also it is possible to recover from eating disorders. However not by just telling patients to eat more or less. It is more complicated than that. Treatment plans such as family therapy, monitoring, and nutritional counseling can be used to help patients to recover from eating disorders.

    Via pinterest.com
  7. Which systems are affected by eating disorders?

    Reproductive
    Via gothing.info
    Reproductive
    Musculoskeletal
(growth)
    Via google.com
    Musculoskeletal (growth)
    Hair
    Via newsnish.com
    Hair
    Digestive system
    Via dailyhealthpost.com
    Digestive system
    All of the above
    Via memecreator.org
    All of the above
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Every system in the human body is affected by eating disorders.

    When the cardiovascular system is affected by eating disorder, one might develop a Bradycardia which is abnormally slow heart rate(<45bmp). It increases risk of cardiac arrest. Eating disorders can also cause constipation, acid reflux in digestive system. It can also cause height stunting,hair loss, dry skin and etc. Most of these medical complications are reversible with weight restoration. However, such as height stunting, decreased bone density and pubertal arrest, especially breast development are irreversible even with weight restoration. It is important to seek help before these medical complications become irreversible.

    Every system in the human body is affected by eating disorders.
    Via pinterest.com
  8. "Fatness" was portrayed positively before television

    Tap to play GIF Tap to play GIF
    giphy.com
    True
    False
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Before television, “fatness” had a positive association; unlike today, it was not frowned upon as being a symbol of laziness. According to a study in Fiji, the impact of television had shifted adolescent girls to want to diet as television had increased their awareness of Western ideals of beauty. Traditionally, Fiji was a nation that admired figures. Allegedly, there was a significant increase in body dissatisfaction, which has increased disordered eating over the years. It supported an ideal to be thin, and ultimately framed the belief of thinness being associated with success.

    Tap to play GIF Tap to play GIF
    Via okmagazine.ro
  9. Which one of the following is not true?

    Tap to play GIF Tap to play GIF
    tenor.co
    People with Anorexia Nervosa do not have any interest in food.
    People with Bulimia Nervosa have lack of control over eating during the episode.
    People with Binge Eating Disorder would eat alone because of feeling embarrassed by how much they are eating.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    In fact, they have obsessive interest in food for example, cooking for others. Anorexia Nervosa is restriction of food accompanied by the fear of gaining weight. Anorexia Nervosa is not just about dieting. It is a mental health disorder like depression and schizophrenia. It also includes symptoms such as binge eating and purging. Many people may think that Bulimia Nervosa is purging after eating due to fear of gaining weight. However people with Bulimia Nervosa also experience binge eating. Some behaviors for Bulimia Nervosa include eating rapidly, hiding food and eating secretly. Binge Eating Disorder (BED), the newest diagnose, is recurrent episodes of binge eating, on average, at least once a week of 3 months. The binge eating episodes include eating a lot when one does not even feel hungry, eating until feeling uncomfortably full, feeling disgusted, depressed or guilty after eating, and etc.

  10. Mindy suffers from Anorexia Nervosa. How would she react when she thinks about/ sees food?

    caloriesecrets.net
    She would be excited
    She would feel anxious
    She would not know, she does not get hungry
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    People who suffer from Anorexia Nervosa are extremely anxious about change and making errors. It is characterized by a drastic reduction of food intake and distressing emotions and concerns about body size. The anxiety towards food will usually result in displaying unusual eating patterns, such as avoiding food, picking out certain food, and using techniques to change and have control over their weight. In comparison, healthy people when hungry often feel “hangry” (hungry and angry). They feel irritable without food and feel pleasure when eating when hungry.

    Via dustoffthebible.com
  11. Which of the following has more impact on development of eating disorders?

    Tap to play GIF Tap to play GIF
    giphy.com
    Genetic
    Culture
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Genes more powerful than culture.

    Like other psychological disorders, genetic plays a big role in eating disorders. Through family studies, it shows that there is increased rate of Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified in first degree relatives. Also in twin studies, it shows 50 to 80% risk of getting inherited. Also genes cause childhood traits such as perfectionism that can go bad later in life when it is linked with internalization of thin ideal and become risk factors for eating disorders.

    Genes more powerful than culture.
    Via antarcticajournal.com
  12. Is it necessary for people suffering from eating disorders to be hospitalized?

    torrancememorial.org[1].jpg
    True
    False
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Eating disorders are a mental illness and it is life threatening.

    Those with severe symptoms of eating disorder should be encouraged to be hospitalized. Inpatient hospitalization includes various professional psychiatrists, therapists, dietitians, and more that patients have access to, and additional specialists if needed. Other treatment methods include outpatient therapy, group therapy, and family therapy- which all are proven to be effective Treatments include nutritional management and medical monitoring. Nutritional counseling and management helps inform patients and keeps them aware of the importance of nutrition and helps patients incorporate healthy eating. It is important that medical staffs provide support to patients when eating. However, if patients can not regain their weight, medical re-feeding is often recommended. It is used to provide nutrition to the patient through a tube in their nose to stomach. Medical monitoring includes monitoring of heart, electrolytes (take supplements if insufficient), and increasing calories in the patients’ body. It includes regular weighing of body and blood tests. It can be intimidating or embarrassing to seek help for an eating disorder, but the earlier someone with an eating disorder seeks treatment, the more likely it is for an efficient recovery.

    Eating disorders are a mental illness and it is life threatening. Tap to play GIF Tap to play GIF
    Via imgur.com

Test Your Knowledge On Eating Disorders

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