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Do You Know What Indigenous Territory These 9 Canadian Cities Are Built On?

Test your knowledge.

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  1. 1.

    Ottawa
    Getty
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Dene 
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Algonquin
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mi'kmaq
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Beothuk
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Canada's capital sits on the unceded territory of the Algonquin Anishinabe people. The name Ottawa itself comes from the Algonquin word “adawe,” which means “to trade.” In 2016, the Algonquin Anishinabe First Nation filed a land claim in Ontario Superior Court seeking title over much of Ottawa, including Parliament Hill.

  2. 2.

    Halifax
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Maliseet
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mi'kmaq
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mohawk
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Beothuk
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Halifax is located in the traditional territory of the Mi'kmaq, which covers Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and part of Newfoundland.

  3. 3.

    Yellowknife
    Getty
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Inuit
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Dene
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Assiniboine
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Algonquin
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The capital of the Northwest Territories is located on Dene territory. The name Yellowknife may have arisen out of a misunderstanding by explorer Alexander Mackenzie, who believed that was what locals called themselves. According to the Yellowknives Dene First Nation, however, "Elders today believe their ancestors and the interpreter were actually informing Mackenzie about the copper knives they held in their hands at the time."

  4. 4.

    Montreal
    Getty
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mohawk
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Ojibwe
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Dakota
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Métis
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Present-day Montreal sits on the traditional territory of the Kanien’kehá:ka (Mohawk) nation. The area has long been a meeting place for different peoples.

  5. 5.

    Toronto
    Getty
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Cree
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Sioux
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Algonquin
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mississauga
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Toronto has been the site of human activity for thousands of years and many Indigenous peoples have lived in the area at various times, but it is most recently connected with the Mississaugas of New Credit. In 2010, the New Credit First Nation reached a $145-million land claim settlement with the federal government, more than 200 years after the British Crown first acquired the land in the controversial Toronto Purchase.

  6. 6.

    Saskatoon
    Getty
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Cree
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Dene
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Algonquin
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Stoney
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Saskatoon is located on Treaty 6 land, the traditional territory of the Cree peoples and the homeland of the Métis Nation. The city is named after the berry, which comes from the Cree word misâskwatômina.

  7. 7.

    Vancouver
    Getty
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Okanagan
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Seneca
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Coast Salish
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Haida
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Vancouver is located on the territory of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh First Nations — all part of the Coast Salish peoples of the Pacific Northwest. In 2014, Vancouver's city council officially acknowledged that the city was built on unceded territory.

  8. 8.

    Winnipeg
    Getty
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mi'kmaq
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Blackfoot
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Innu
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Métis 
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Winnipeg is located in Treaty 1 territory, on the traditional lands of the Anishinaabeg, Cree, Oji-Cree, Dakota, and Dene peoples. It is also the "birthplace of the Métis Nation and the Heart of the Métis Nation Homeland," according to the Manitoba Métis Federation.

  9. 9.

    Calgary
    Getty
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Cree
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Okanagan
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Gitxsan
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Blackfoot
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Calgary is located on the traditional territory of the Blackfoot (Niitsitapi) and the people of the Treaty 7 region in Southern Alberta, which includes the Siksika, the Piikuni, the Kainai, the Tsuut’ina and the Stoney Nakoda First Nations.

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CORRECTION

The answer to the final question has been corrected to reflect that Calgary is on traditional Blackfoot territory. A previous version of this quiz included incomplete information about the city.

 
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