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Are You As Smart As A High School Student? Prove It By Passing This Environmental Science Exam

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  1. Which of the following would have the greatest immediate impact on biodiversity?

  2. To gather evidence for climate variation, a dendrochronologist studies:

  3. The flow chart below summarises a historically important experiment. What was one of the products in the flask?

    NSW Education Standards Authority
  4. Which statement is scientifically correct and consistent with the panspermia hypothesis?

  5. Which of the following statements is true for modern landfill design?

  6. Which eon covers the longest time interval on the Geological Time Scale?

  7. In which of the following are all the gases waste products in vehicle exhaust emissions?

  8. Approximately 75% of the world’s energy needs are produced by the combustion of fossil fuels. Which equation summarises the combustion of fossil fuels?

  9. At which plate boundary is explosive volcanism most likely to occur?

  10. Which combination of plate boundary and volcanic feature would result in both effusive volcanic eruptions and shallow focus earthquakes?

    NSW Education Standards Authority
  11. Which of the following should be used to rehabilitate a mine site contaminated with toxic
    metals?

  12. Which strategy would be most effective in reversing damage to salt-affected crop land?

  13. Terrestrial plants, amphibians and reptiles all evolved from ancestors that lived in an
    aquatic environment. Which adaptation did all three groups need in order to live successfully in a terrestrial
    environment?

  14. A stratigraphic sequence is shown. What is the best estimate of the age of a fossil found in the sandstone?

    NSW Education Standards Authority
  15. Many people live on the slopes of active volcanoes.
    What is the main reason for this?

  16. Which of the following best describes cyanobacteria?

  17. What is a lateritic soil?

  18. The diagram shows a model of the plate tectonic supercycle. Which stage of the model best represents the formation of a rift valley?

    NSW Education Standards Authority
  19. Which of the following events is most likely to cause a tsunami?

  20. Which of the following occurred at the boundary between the Permian and Triassic
    Periods?

Questions were taken from previous HSC Earth And Environmental Science exams, available on the NSW Education Standards Authority website.

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