The study of ethics is what philosophers call the study of right and wrong on a collective level
A method of questioning used to reveal any contradictions in an arguement to attempt to uncover the truth of a matterA synthesis between a thesis and anti-thesisGetting extremely plastered at a symposium and discussing philosophyProving an argument by revealing an absurdity
The socratic method is a way of questioning used to reveal any contradictions in an arguement to attempt to uncover the truth of a matter
By claiming that a thinking thing such as ourselves must existBy proving the existence of GodBy using mathematical formulaBy using empirical methods
Descartes attempt to prove that we exist by claiming that a thinking thing such as ourselves must exist. He is well-known for saying, "I think, therefore, I am". In modern parlance: "I tweet, therefore, I am."
Yes, absolutely, we can know with certainty that God exists with objectivityYes, we can know absolute objectivity by asking the right questions and using reason aloneYes, we can know absolute objectivity by using empirical data aloneNo, it is impossible to know whether we can access absolute, objective knowledge
It is impossible to know whether we can access absolute, objective knowledge. The best we can do is say that it "appears" that we can access objective knowledge through certain methods such as the scientific method
A type of philosophy prescribing one to have complete equanimity in the face of all of life's changesThe philosophy of handling warThe philosophy of handling insulting remarks from othersThe philosophy of staying straight when you've become severely inebriated
Stoicism is a type of philosophy prescribing one to have complete equanimity in the face of all of life's changes. Change is constant in life. Therefore, we should all embrace it, rather than let it cause anxiety.
We have no idea what he meant by this, he never wrote anything downOnly those things provable by logic or shown to be true by using empirical methods are philosophical questionsHe said this because he wanted to stop another philosopher from saying something stupidOnly questions about God are philosophical questions
He said this because he thought he had placed the limits that philosophers could reach. Everything else outside of logic and empiricism was non-sense or meaningless.
A brain in a vatThe universal mind of GodWe can't know exactly, or even if we have it for certain. Philosophers of mind are still working on this "hard problem".Self-awareness or metacognition
We can't know exactly what conciousness is, or even if we certainly have it. Philosophers of mind are still working on this "hard problem".