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There Are Slave Markets In Libya. Here's What You Need To Know.

Hundreds of thousands of sub-Saharan Africans are currently trapped in Libya, stranded as they try to reach Europe. A recent report shows some of them being auctioned off.

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Over the past couple of days, you may have seen celebrities — like Grammy-nominee Cardi B, actress Cynthia Erivo, and model Bella Hadid — tweeting, snapping, and posting on Instagram about Libya.

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Libya has been a natural focal point for a twin set of migrant and refugee crises over the last several years.

Angelos Tzortzinis / AFP / Getty Images

Just 285 miles from Malta and 345 from Italy, Libya's northern coast has been a jumping off point for migrants trying to reach Europe for decades. The situation began to worsen in 2011, when the then-government was toppled by rebel forces — igniting a period of chaos and unsteady rule.

Following the collapse of former Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi's regime, with the help of the US and other NATO countries, the country has yet to rebuild. There are several competing alliances claiming to be the legitimate government and extremists are finding plenty of space to set up camp. That same lawlessness has also made it an ideal staging ground for refugees and migrants from across the continent to try to reach Europe.

More than 100,000 refugees and migrants have landed in Europe each year for the past several years, many of them setting off from Libya. More than 3,000 of them have died trying to make it across the Mediterranean this year alone.

European countries on the Mediterranean — especially Italy — have been pushing to block the people trying to reach their shores, policing Libyan waters and urging NGOs not to help stranded boats.

Bellina Francesco / AFP / Getty Images

The European Union has essentially ceded control of trying to stop migrants from crossing to Libya, rather than doing it themselves. Italy has given Libya boats and euros to try to support their efforts — even as rights groups have warned that the Libyans don't have the training to actually carry out rescue operations at sea and often commit rights abuses in the process of trying to stop migrants.

This has led to a situation where an estimated 700,000 migrants are trapped in Libya, unwilling or unable to return to their home countries, many being held inside detention centers where inhumane treatment is the norm.

Taha Jawashi / AFP / Getty Images

“We cannot even guess the scale of the abuses inflicted on migrants in all these hidden places, untouched by the rule of law,” the UN's high commissioner for human rights Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein said in September. “The situation of migrants crossing Libya was appalling during Gaddafi’s era, but it has become diabolical since.”

But it gets worse. Back in April, International Organization for Migration issued a release saying it had discovered evidence of slavelike conditions for migrants who'd traveled north.

IOM / Via iom.int

Two migrants that the international body spoke with described being kidnapped while in transit. While in captivity, some migrants were tortured, others' families extorted for money, others still forced to perform labor.

“The situation is dire,” Mohammed Abdiker, IOM’s director of operation and emergencies, said at the time. “The more IOM engages inside Libya, the more we learn that it is a vale of tears for many migrants. Some reports are truly horrifying and the latest reports of ‘slave markets’ for migrants can be added to a long list of outrages.”

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A harrowing report from CNN International published two weeks ago showed the first footage of what it described as a slave auction — young men from sub-Saharan Africa sold off to become workers.

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While not the chattel auctions of the past, there's definitely a racial element at play in the auctions that CNN International documented, where lighter-skinned Arab Libyans look down upon the darker-skinned sub-Saharan Africans up for sale.

CNN International

"[T]he human trafficking of sub-Saharan Africans by north African smugglers — at play in Tripoli’s migrant 'auctions' — is organized around a debt bonding and forced labor that become possible as a result of contaminated imaginary and a complex system of social debasement," wrote PhD candidate Haythem Guesmi at Africa is a Country.

The CNN International report sparked protests against slavery in Libya around the world and promises from the UN-recognized Government of National Accord that an investigation would take place.

Geoffroy Van Der Hasselt / AFP / Getty Images

But the government also attempted to sidestep the matter, adding that Libya “is going through difficult times which affected its own citizens as well. It is, therefore, not fair to assume responsibility for the consequences of this immigration, which everyone unanimously agreed that addressing this phenomenon exceeds the national capacities."

More fuel was added to the fire on Saturday when President Donald Trump claimed in a tweet that CNN International remains a source of fake news — which the Libyan media seized upon to cast doubt on the slave trade story.

.@FoxNews is MUCH more important in the United States than CNN, but outside of the U.S., CNN International is still… https://t.co/qzwpwVN2ep

Libyan diplomats have meanwhile said that the CNN report was meant to tarnish the country.

So while more and more attention is being placed on Libya, with hashtags and trending topics devoted to it, there's no quick and easy fix for what's happening.

Mahmud Turkia / AFP / Getty Images

“People are rightfully outraged, but don’t hold your breath that anything real is going to happen,” Human Rights Watch researcher Hanan Salah told Reuters.

CORRECTION

Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein's name was misspelled in a previous version of this post.

Hayes Brown is a world news editor and reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in New York.

Contact Hayes Brown at hayes.brown@buzzfeed.com.

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