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    23 Incredible Pictures Of Motown In The 1960s

    During the 1960s, the Motown Record Corporation revolutionized the music industry and transformed the shape of music to come.

    In 1959, a young black songwriter from Detroit named Berry Gordy began a record company with a loan of $800 from his family. His vision was unique — just as the assembly lines of Detroit lead the world's automotive industry, Motown Record Company would become a factory of hit singles and music super stars. In the decade to come, Gordy defined the sound of American music and changed the music world forever.

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    Smokey Robinson and a friend pose for a photo outside of a snowy Hitsville U.S.A., the original Motown headquarters in Detroit, 1967.

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    Diana Ross, Mary Wilson, and Cindy Birdsong of the Supremes pose for a studio portrait, circa 1960.

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    Stevie Wonder (in blue), the Supremes (in black), the Temptations (in yellow), Martha Reeves and the Vandellas (in pink), and Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (in red) pose for a group Motown portrait in 1964.

    Michael Ochs Archives

    The Temptations performing to a crowd in 1964.

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    Marvin Gaye performing live on England's Thank Your Lucky Stars television show in 1964.

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    The Supremes dance with their arms in the air as they perform at the annual Bal Pare party in Munich in 1968.

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    Annette Beard, Rosalind Ashford, and Martha Reeves, of Martha Reeves and The Vandellas, are caught candidly backstage after a concert in England in 1963.

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    The Four Tops rehearse in the basement of New York City's Apollo Theater with their choreographer Cholly Atkins in 1964.

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    Smokey Robinson and the Miracles perform live in London during an airing of The Sound of Motown TV Special in 1965.

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    The Supremes pose for a portrait in Los Angeles while holding their Motown record, circa 1964.

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    A 16-year-old Stevie Wonder enthusiastically plays the piano in 1966.

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    The Supremes perform live on TV at London's Wembley Studios in 1965.

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    The Temptations perform live on London's Thank Your Lucky Stars television show, 1965.

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    Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell (left), portrait, United States, 1967. Motown star Mary Wells (right) performs live on the English television show, Thank Your Lucky Stars, circa 1965.

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    Gladys Knight & the Pips perform live for an unspecified crowd in 1960.

    Michael Ochs Archives

    Smokey Robinson and the Miracles perform live on stage, circa 1970.

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    Stevie Wonder greets a group of fans backstage after a show in 1966.

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    Motown group The Four Tops perform their hit single "Standing in the Shadows of Love" on the British television program Ready Steady Go, 1966.

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    Michael Jackson, of the quintet Jackson 5, sings onstage in 1970.

    Michael Ochs Archives

    The Jackson 5 perform live on a unspecified TV show, circa 1971. From left to right: Tito Jackson, Marlon Jackson, Jackie Jackson, Michael Jackson, Jermaine Jackson.