Justin Trudeau was aggressive, Tom Mulcair was steady, and Stephen Harper got unusually heated during the last and only bilingual debate of the 2015 election.
On refugees, Mulcair and Trudeau called on the government to do more while Harper warned of buyer's remorse.
Mulcair and Trudeau had a lengthy head-to-head battle over the new anti-terror laws brought in by Bill C-51.
Harper asked Trudeau how he could oppose such a measure, kicking off near-shouting match between the two politicians. Trudeau said it was un-Canadian to create a two-tiered citizenship instead of jailing wrongdoers. Harper at one point warned about the possibility of a terror attack in Toronto on "the scale of 9/11."
Mulcair and Trudeau both said Canada should not be sending the Armed Forces to fight ISIS in Iraq.
Trudeau said Canadian troops should be used to train local forces in Syria and Iraq. "Canada has a strong and real capacity to do that," he said.
But, he said, Canada should not be involved in the U.S.-led bombing campaign.
"Sending in Western troops isn't always the best possible outcome in fact sometimes it makes things worse."
Mulcair also said Canada should not be involved in the bombing campaign, and said an NDP government would focus on providing aid and stopping the flow of resources, such as weapons and funds, to ISIS.
"We don't think that our proper place is in that combat mission," Mulcair said, adding that only 12 of the 60 countries involved in the mission are undertaking combat roles.
Harper, on the other hand, argued Canada needs to continue the mission in a combat role in addition to providing aid. The only way to stunt the spread of ISIS, he said, "is to keep the military pressure on them."
The ghost of Pierre Elliott Trudeau loomed large. At one point Trudeau made a tribute to his father, who died exactly 15 years earlier.
Trudeau accused his opponents of being eager to insult his father's legacy. "Let me be very clear: I am incredibly proud to be Pierre Elliot Trudeau's son," he said.
Mulcair, who had earlier referenced the elder Trudeau locking up hundreds of people during the October Crisis, dismissed the eulogy as a low blow.
"I'm sorry Mr. Trudeau thinks I'm being insulting to his father. I'm talking about historical fact," he said.