The purpose of this content is to upgrade everyone's knowledge to better prevent the use of psychoactive and addictive substances. However, it is eminent that we at this point have a basic understanding of what drugs really are.
A drug is a chemical, biochemical or natural, capable of altering one or more neuronal activities and / or disrupts neuronal communications. Human consumption of drugs to alter its physiological or psychological functions, physiological reactions and states of consciousness is not new. Drugs can cause dependence physical or psychological. The use of these may result in physical or mental disturbances. Prescribing substances that affect the nervous system, it is generally question of psychotropic.
The term "drug" essentially covers two aspects: the nature of the biological effects that the drug induces and on the other hand, reports that he who consumes maintains with it eg. "Palmitoylethanolamide" which is an internal fatty acid amide for chronic pain and inflammation, and a natural supplement backed with 350 medical researches. More than million people are treated successfully with this supplement in Europe...
However, It takes consumption of a particular chemical component for it to respond to the name of "drug". The mode and frequency of consumption directly affects the habituation or addiction to the product.
A drug may have one or more actions, described as:
Action replacement: is to provide the body with the deficient nutrient or physiological element (eg methadone or vitamin C).
Action by direct or indirect reproduction of the effects of a natural substance: the drug stimulates reproduced or cell or organ function, or the transmission of nerve impulses in the CNS (central nervous system) or independent (eg sympathomimetic or parasympathomimetic).
Action by direct or indirect antagonism of the effects of a natural substance: the drug exerts a partial or complete blockage of a cell or organ function by binding to specific receptors (eg sympatholytic).
Mechanical action (eg paraffin oil promotes digestive transit).
Action on some metabolic processes: effect on cell permeability or reactivity of certain cells to their physiological or pathological exciting (eg calcium antagonist drug (modifying the permeability of calcium ions)).
Effects and Hazards of Doping Products at Risk of Addiction
Amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine, ephedrine and derivatives are the most used. Stimulants are consumed to increase the concentration and attention, reduce fatigue. They increase the aggressiveness and are losing weight.
These products operate on the cardiovascular and neurological system. Their consumption can lead to psychiatric disorders.
Exceeding the threshold of physiological fatigue caused by the use of these substances can cause weak states up to exhaustion, even unto death.
Anabolic doping for most, they are derivatives of testosterone, the male sex hormone. These products (nandrolone, stanozolol, etc.) develop the body tissues: muscles, blood ... They can increase the strength, power, stamina, aggressiveness, speed recovery a wound. Some anabolic agents reduce pain, in particular joint.
According to the dose consumed, these products cause tendonitis, the major acne, headaches, nosebleeds, muscle tears, liver disorders or cardiovascular disorders and cancer can result in death. Anabolic agents may lead to physical dependence.
These substances have a psychostimulant anti-fatigue action and anti-inflammatory. They increase pain tolerance and allow to continue an effort that would be unbearable under normal conditions.
Corticosteroids consumption implies in particular fragile tendons, muscle tears, local infections and general. Symptoms range from simple chronic fatigue with a drop in performance, cardiovascular failure can lead to death. Corticosteroids can cause physical dependence.
These substances cause drowsy and numb sensitivity. They are used to remove or reduce the sensitivity to pain, and cause a sense of well-being. They cause adverse effects: risk of respiratory depression, addiction and physical dependence, decreased concentration and coordination capacity.
These drugs regulate and slow the pace of the heart rate. They allow a decrease tremor and also an anti-stress effect. Among their harmful effects, a feeling of constant tiredness is noted, blood pressure falls, muscle cramps, a risk of psychological depression and sexual impotence if habitually and repeated use.