2. In 2010, CNN estimated the population there to be between 600,000 and 800,000.
But that number is in flux due to displacement from violence in the region. Many Chechens have been displaced to refugee camps like this one, north of the city of Magas.
3. The population is made up mostly of Sunni Muslims and Russian Orthodox Christians.
5. In 1921, Chechnya attempted to break away from the Soviet Union, but was reclaimed by the USSR. Since then, Chechnya has repeatedly attempted to gain independence.
6. Since the Second Chechen War, Chechen separatists have repeatedly attacked targets across Russia.
This was the scene after a suicide bombing at a Moscow rock concert in July 2003.
7. In 2006, The New York Times reported that the Chechen capital was starting to rebuild.
8. In April 2009, Russia officially ended its decade-long counterterrorism operation in the region.
Russian army troops patrol the streets of Kurchaloi in October 2003.