In a contemporary context, the media is arguably one of the largest influences on a viewer's racial bias - whether the creators and broadcasters of that content are aware of the receptive consequences or not.
"...by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities."
"So let's look at the statistics. The United States is home to 5% of the world's population but 25% of the world's prisoners. Think about that." - Barack Obama
The Constitutional "Loophole" that technically permits slavery used to target certain groups
What starts out as a genuine, rational fear of rapists, murderers, and criminals, develops into sometimes involuntary racial profiling and stereotype-creating.
Examples of Media Influencing Opinions on Race
Serena Williams isn't a "sore loser". She's fed up.
“13th.” Peabody Awards, www.peabodyawards.com/award-profile/13th.
“Melbourne's Herald Sun Reprints 'Racist' Cartoon of Serena Williams.” The Japan Times, www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/09/12/asia-pacific/social-issues-asia-pacific/melbournes-herald-sun-reprints-racist-cartoon-serena-williams/#.W6kNUPlKhpg.
“The Birth of a Nation (1915).” IMDb, IMDb.com, www.imdb.com/title/tt0004972/.
“Guardians of the Black Image.” Imajen, 2 May 2015, www.imajen.com/2015/05/guardians-of-the-black-image/.
"A 1905 Silent Movie Revolutionizes American Film—and Radicalizes American Nationalists". Southern Hollows podcast. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
D'OOGE, CRAIG. “'The Birth of a Nation' Symposium on Classic Film Discusses Inaccuracies and Virtues.” Planning D-Day (April 2003) - Library of Congress Information Bulletin, Victor, www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/94/9413/nation.html.
Lee, Michelle Ye Hee. “Analysis | Donald Trump’s false comments connecting Mexican immigrants and crime.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 8 July 2015, www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker/wp/2015/07/08/donald-trumps-false-comments-connecting-mexican-immigrants-and-crime/?utm_term=.ceca256a7674.
Davis, Rachaell. “Slavery, Incarceration & Racism: 14 Disturbing Connections Examined In Ava DuVernay's Oscar-Nominated '13th' Documentary.” Essence.com, www.essence.com/festival/ava-duvernay-13th-documentary-facts#951875
LoBianco, Tom. “Report: Nixon's war on drugs targeted black people.” CNN, Cable News Network, 24 Mar. 2016, www.cnn.com/2016/03/23/politics/john-ehrlichman-richard-nixon-drug-war-blacks-hippie/index.html.
Turan, Kenneth. “Ava DuVernay's documentary '13th' simmers with anger and burns with eloquence.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 6 Oct. 2016, www.latimes.com/entertainment/movies/la-et-mn-13th-review-20161001-snap-story.html.
U.S. Constitution. Amend. XIII, Sec. 1.
“Obama Visits Prison in Push for Reform.” NBCNews.com, NBCUniversal News Group, www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/obama-set-visit-oklahoma-prison-push-criminal-justice-reform-n393056.
“Racial Profiling in ‘Post-Racial’ Times.” N.A.H., 17 Jan. 2016, notesfromanaspiringhumanitarian.com/racial-profiling-in-post-racial-times/.
“John Ehrlichman – True Activist.” True Activist, www.trueactivist.com/tag/john-ehrlichman/
“Ava-DuVernay-13th-Documentary-Netflix.” Black Girl Nerds, blackgirlnerds.com/black-girl-nerds-discuss-firsttimeisawme/ava-duvernay-13th-documentary-netflix/.
Holmes, Lindsay. “Serena Williams Gets Real About Managing Anxiety.” The Huffington Post, TheHuffingtonPost.com, 22 June 2018, www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/serena-williams-anxiety-motherhood_us_5ae1d4fbe4b02baed1b76a51.
“Relando Thompkins-Jones.” Relando Thompkins-Jones, www.relandothompkinsjones.com/.
Reilly, Katie. “Donald Trump: All the Times He's Insulted Mexico.” Time, Time, 31 Aug. 2016, time.com/4473972/donald-trump-mexico-meeting-insult/.
DuVernay, Ava. “13th (2016).”, Netlfix, www.imdb.com/title/tt5895028/.