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12 Things You Should Know In Case You Accidentally Have Unprotected Sex

So things got a little heated last night, and for whatever reason that condom in your dresser drawer was never taken out. You just had unprotected sex … go ahead and freak out now.

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While you’re busy going crazy thinking you’re preggers and diseased, please know it’s going to be okay. The good people at Planned Parenthood are here to help you with all of your burning questions. Listen up, boys and girls.

1. Urinating before and after sex will help – though not with pregnancy prevention.

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Experts have long advised women to urinate after sex to get all the gunk out, which will also help to avoid getting a urinary tract infection. Dr. Vanessa Cullins, vice president for external medical affairs at Planned Parenthood Federation of America says this is true, but unrelated to pregnancy.

“Yes, urinating immediately before and after sex may help prevent UTIs, but peeing after sex won’t rinse sperm out of the vagina, because you don’t pee out of your vagina.”

2. Just so we’re all on the same page: women have two holes.

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For women, the tube you pee through (urethra) is not the same tube a penis ejaculates into during sex (vagina).

“Many people don’t realize these are two separate holes, because the urethra is often very tiny and right next to the vaginal opening,” Dr. Cullins says. “In other words, peeing after unprotected sex won’t keep you from getting pregnant. The best way to prevent pregnancy after an act of unprotected sex is by taking emergency contraception — also known as the morning after pill.”

3. Men should wash their gentials before and after sex.

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“Urinary tract infections are far more common among women than men, but men still get them,” Dr. Cullins says. “Urinating immediately before and after sex has not been shown to help prevent UTIs in men, but it is recommended that men carefully cleanse their genitals before and after sex to help get rid of bacteria as well as help their partner avoid UTIs.”

5. If you’re on the pill and have sex without a condom, you still might need to take the morning-after pill.

If you are taking the pill correctly and consistently (every day and at the same time each day) and have been on it for at least one week, Dr. Cullins says you are protected from pregnancy.

“However, it is good idea to use both condoms and birth control pills together to offer a dual protection against STDs and pregnancy. The pill itself does not protect against STDs. If she has not been using the pill correctly and consistently [has forgotten to take it], it’s important to use a backup method anytime she has vaginal intercourse and to take one active pill each day until she can talk with her healthcare provider about the best course of action.”

7. You can use emergency contraception (morning-after pill) up to five days after unprotected sex.

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“This is a great option if you have vaginal intercourse before you realize you have missed pills. The sooner you take emergency contraception, the better it will work,” Dr. Cullins says.

8. There are three kinds of emergency contraception — the morning-after pill, ParaGard IUD insertion, and ella.

“The morning-after pill is available over the counter and by prescription, but the ParaGard IUD would require calling your doctor to make an appointment for insertion,” Dr. Cullins says. “Costs vary from $30 to $65 for the morning-after pill and $500 to $900 for IUD insertion. All women need a prescription for ella, the most effective emergency contraceptive pill.”

You can also get emergency contraception at a Planned Parenthood health center, or family planning clinic. If you want ella, you can get a prescription and buy it online here.

10. How old do you have to be to get the morning after pill?

Dr. Cullins says it depends on the type of morning-after pill. “Anyone, regardless of age, can buy Plan B One-Step, Next Choice One Dose, and some other brands of emergency contraception over the counter without a prescription at a drugstore. A few brands of emergency contraception (brands with two pills instead of one pill) require you get a prescription from a doctor, nurse, or other health care provider if you’re 16 or younger.”

11. So what are the chances that a woman could get pregnant while on the pill if she has unprotected sex?

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“The pill is 99 percent effective if used correctly and consistently. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they always take the pill each day as directed. About nine out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they don’t always take the pill each day as directed. If you are on no contraception, meaning you seldom take the pill as directed, your chance of pregnancy is much greater over a year. Using no contraception, 85 out of 100 women will become pregnant over the course of a year,” Dr. Cullins says.

12. If your hook-up says “I’m clean, no need to worry,” you should still worry.

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Just because your partner says they don’t have an STD, it’s very possible that they have one and don’t even realize it. “Most people who have an STD never have symptoms," says Dr. Cullins. "You can’t tell by looking who has an STD. People with STDs can pass them to others, even if they feel fine. And if left untreated, some STDs can turn into really dangerous infections and even lead to permanent damage like infertility or chronic pain. The only way to know if you have an STD is to get tested — don’t wait until something seems off. Getting tested for STDs is quick and easy."

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