Skin - Heavy white foundation
Lips - Bold red lips
Eyes - Red and black lining around the eyes
Hair - Worn in a chignon; decorated with combs and hairpins
Geishas became an integral part of Japanese society during the mid-18th century. They were - and still are - skilled entertainers who sang, played musical instruments, danced, and wrote poetry, requiring at least three years of training. Geishas at different levels of training vary in the amount of makeup they wear.
Immaculate makeup is essential to the geisha tradition. Heavy white foundation is applied on all visible skin except the nape of the neck, which is revealed in a graceful ‘W’ shape. First year geishas only wear red lip color on their bottom lip, while fully trained geisha paint their lips in the shape of a budding flower. Eyes were lined with charcoal, and outlined in red.
Geisha traditionally wore their hair in a Shimada style chignon, decorated with kogai and konzashi combs and hairpins.