Politics

How Well Do You Know Basic U.S. Military History?

"I shall return."

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Editors' Note:

This post has been corrected to remove phrasing that was copied from Wikipedia.

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  1. 1. How many years did the Revolutionary War last?

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    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The American Revolutionary War took started on April 19, 1775 and ended on April 11, 1783 — that's seven years, 11 months, three weeks, and two days.

  2. 2. December 26th 1776: Washington crossed the Delaware on his way to _______ .

    en.wikipedia.org
    defeat the Lord Cornwallis in Princeton.
    re-take New York City harbor from General Howe.
    capture Germans in Trenton.
    cut off the British Naval advance on Wilmington.
    surprise entrenched British and Cherokee forces in Camden.
  3. 3. In the middle of the war, the British tried to make peace with America by granting them all of their original demands.

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    Correct!
    Wrong!

    "Who should die for a tax of tea?"

    Parliament offered the colonies a level of autonomy in 1778. But Congress demanded independence and the full withdrawal of the King's troops.

  4. 4. What U.S. government building in Washington D.C. did not get destroyed during the War of 1812?

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    Correct!
    Wrong!

    "When the smoke cleared from the dreadful attack, the Patent Office was the only Government building . . . left untouched"

    The patent office survived after the Superintendent of Patents persuaded British troops not to torch it.

  5. 5. The "Star Spangled Banner" was written during the British bombardment of...

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    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The lyrics come from "Defence of Fort M'Henry", a poem written in 1814 by Francis Scott Key.

    Key was thrilled with the fort's defenders raised an unusually large flag to defy the British.

  6. 6. How many assaults did the Alamo withstand before falling to Santa Anna?

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  7. 7. These are the dying words of a U.S. naval captain in the ...

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    Revolutionary War
    War of 1812
    Mexican American War
    Civil War
    Spanish American War
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    James Lawrence, mortally wounded as commander the USS Chesapeake.

    The battle cry became instantly famous.

  8. 8. How far into Mexico did the U.S. Army advance during the Mexican-American War?

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    The Rio Grande River
    Monterey
    Mexico City
    La Paz
    Molino del Rey
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The capture of Mexico City by General Scott signaled the end of the war.

  9. 9. Which present day state gained the least amount of territory as a result of the Mexican-American War?

    worldatlas.com
    Oklahoma
    Kansas
    Colorado
    Wyoming
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    KANSAS.

  10. 10. The last horse-mounted American cavalry charge was during which war?

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    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The last horse-mounted cavalry charge by a U.S. Cavalry unit took place on the Bataan Peninsula, in the Philippines against Japanese forces, 16 January 1942

  11. 11. Pickett's Charge is called the "high water mark of the Confederacy" because ________ .

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    It is the farthest north the Confederate Army ever advanced.
    It marked a decisive victory for the Confederacy.
    It was the last major offensive operation in North.
    It was when Lincoln considered a Union surrender.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    After Lee's failed effort to defeat the Grand Army of the Republic at Gettysburg, his troops retreated — the end of his northern campaign.

  12. 12. Who won the famous Battle of the Ironclads?

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    The Merrimack
    en.wikipedia.org
    The Merrimack
    The Mointor
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    The Mointor
    It was a draw with both ships retreating.
    en.wikipedia.org
    It was a draw with both ships retreating.
    They both sank.
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    They both sank.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    But the battle changed the world!

    It was the first naval battle between iron warships, and word spread fast.

  13. 13. What was General Sherman's "Christmas Gift" to Lincoln?

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    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Savannah marked the end of General Sherman's March to the Sea from Atlanta.

    Sherman wrote to Lincoln on December 26th of 1864: “"I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the City of Savannah, with one hundred and fifty guns and plenty of ammunition, also about twenty-five thousand bales of cotton." The march destroyed the infrastructure and psyche of the Confederacy beyond repair.

  14. 14. Germany try to forge an alliance with _______ in a secret telegram that eventually led to the U.S. entering WWI.

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    Italy
    Italy
    Belgium
    Belgium
    Canada
    Canada
    Japan
    Japan
    Mexico
    Mexico
    Russia
    Russia
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The Zimmerman Telegram

    " We make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona."

    The Zimmerman Telegram
  15. 15. Which of the following beaches was the American Army tasked with taking on D-Day.

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    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The 4th Division took Utah Beach. The 29th and 1st Divisions took Omaha Beach.

    British troops came ashore at Gold Beach and Canadian forces attacked Juno Beach. Another British division took Sword beach.

  16. 16. General MacArthur famously declared "I shall return." He was talking about the _________ .

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  17. 17. A medic in the U.S. _______ helped five Marines raise the flag at Iwo Jima.

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    Navy
    Navy
    Air Force
    Air Force
    Army
    Army
    Coast Guard
    Coast Guard
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Sailor John Bradley.

    The Marines in the photo are Harlon Block, Franklin Sousley, Michael Strank, Rene Gagnon and Ira Hayes.

  18. 18. The Korean War marked the the first widespread use of U.S. ______ in wartime.

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    Mass amphibious troop transport
    Sonar
    Aircraft carriers
    Jet fighters
    Television
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Both sides used jet aircraft in a central role during the three year war.

  19. 19. The Gulf of Tonkin resolution gave President Johnson ______ .

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    Authorization for full military engagement in Southeast Asia without a formal declaration of war by Congress.
    Budget to build up U.S. naval presence in the Pacific.
    A peace agreement with China.
    Power to fight communism "in all allied and UN territories."
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The incident would have disastrous consequences.

    The Gulf of Tonkin resolution gave LBJ's the power to escalate the Vietnam war. The Gulf of Tonkin report itself was highly flawed. It since been proven that the intelligence was deliberately manipulated in order to make it seem as though the North Vietnamese had been the instigators in the attack.

  20. 20. How long did it take for a ceasefire to be signed after the ground campaign started in Operation Desert Storm?

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    10 hours
    100 hours
    10 days
    90 days
    100 days
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    100.

  21. 21. How many Presidents have served active military duty?

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    Correct!
    Wrong!

    The vast majority.

How Well Do You Know Basic U.S. Military History?

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