I’ll turn on the heatingI'll chop down the trees and use them for firewoodWith several layers of linen, wool, and leather, and sleeping six to a bed
You'll need to dress up and huddle for warmth!
The small fire in your shack won't provide much heat, so your only guaranteed protection during a harsh winter is several layers of clothing. You'll need to wear linen undergarments, with wool on top of that, and then leather to protect you from the rain and snow. If you get wet, tough – it's still warmer than taking your clothes off. Your shack is so small you're forced to share the bed with all your relatives, but this helps keep you warm. You can't just chop down trees – they belong to the lord of the land you live and work on. If you're lucky, the lord might offer you firewood during a festival when he is feeling charitable.
I’ll wear this mask containing a posy of protective flowers to stop the harmful germ.I’ll shut myself and my family up in our small room until it passes.
The only way to survive the plague is to not get infected.
Plague swept across the world during the medieval period. The "Black Death" lasted from 1348–50 in Britain, and killed 30–45% of the population (in some villages, 90% of people died). Many "cures" were peddled by quack doctors, astrologers, and wizards, but none of them worked. The only way to survive was to avoid infection, and quarantining your family was the best option.
I’ll eat the delicious red berries I’ve seen growing in yonder woods.I’ll eat the rats that plague our village.I’ll steal food from the lord’s manor.
You're going to need to eat the rats.
Global crop failures led to the great famine of 1315–17, which killed millions of people. During a famine, medieval peasants would be forced to eat anything they could – including dogs, cats, rats, roots, even each other. Accidentally consuming poisonous vegetation during a famine was another risk. And if you were caught stealing from the lord, you'd risk punishment and even death.
Wash it in the stream.Have it sawn off by the doctor, and then cauterized (burned) to kill the bacteria. I’ll be fine – I’ve got this piece of old rag to bite down on.Just ignore it and get on with things. It’ll get better on it’s own.Ask the witch for a remedy.
You'll need to have your gangrenous foot cut off.
A serious, festering wound could quickly prove fatal in medieval times. Without antibiotic treatment to kill the bacteria, the infection would spread and destroy living tissue. Washing the wound at this point won't be enough, neither will a herbal remedy from the time, like white bryony. In order to survive, you'll probably need to have your foot amputated. The doctor will use a saw, and you will be awake during the operation – at least until you pass out from the pain.
Deflect attention by accusing someone else of being a witch.Deny it!Put a curse on your accusers.
You're probably going to die, but you can try to blame someone else?
Witch hunts peaked in medieval Europe between 1580 and 1630, as various Christian sects fought for supremacy. If you're accused of being a witch, your options are limited. A witch finder might prick you with his "jabbing needle" – if you screamed, you were innocent. Except the needle was retractable so it didn't hurt. You'd then be drowned, burned, or hanged. Your best bet might be accusing someone else of being a witch and hoping the witch hunters go after them instead. But tbh they'll probably just put you both on trial.
Water will only get you so far – you're going to need gunpowder, axes, and fire hooks.
You'll need to get a lot of people in the town to form a chain from the river to the fire, passing buckets of water along it. But even that won't save you. The most effective way to fight a fire raging through a medieval town would be using gunpowder, axes, and fire hooks to destroy the wooden houses in its path, depriving the fire of its fuel.
From the streamFrom the wellFrom the tap
Leave quietlyConfront himBuy him a drink
Get the hell out of there!
Tavern brawls were a frequent occurence in medieval times. They were bloody and brutal, and everyone would get involved. You might be started on by the tavern owner for underpaying, or for giving him a rude look. Or a drunk punter might get rowdy. Your best bet is to get out of there quickly and quietly before someone (it could be you) gets killed.
You want to aim for 5–8.
With the child mortality rate at around 25% in the first year, you'll need to have several children in the hope that at least some survive to adulthood. This is essential, as from the age of about 7 they'll help around the home, and by 12 will start work seriously, either farming the land or learning the family trade. But having too many children survive could be costly too, and child abandonment was rife at the time.