You should look at serving size first, the FDA says.
Serving size tells you what the manufacturer considers to be a single serving of the food, which tells you the amount that all the other numbers on the label refer to. Serving sizes always show up as familiar measurements, like cups or pieces, as well as the equivalent metric amount (in grams).
Nine Oreos would contain 21g of total fat!
That's because nine Oreos constitute three servings. So if there's 7g of total fat in one serving of Oreos, there are 21g of total fat in three servings.
Because they are the most important for weight loss.Because they are the ones Americans generally eat enough of, if not too much.Because they contribute the most weight to the food.They're just there randomly.
In the footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts label.In the ingredients list.Somewhere in the middle.They aren't on the Nutrition Facts label.
You can find the total recommended daily values in the footnote at the bottom of Nutrition Facts labels.
However, not all labels include this section — smaller packages might not have it. In addition to daily values for a 2,000-calorie diet, this footnote also contains daily values for 2,500-calorie diets.
The percentage of a nutrient's recommended daily value in the package.The percentage of food made up by that nutrient.The percentage of the day you should spend eating that food.The percentage of a nutrient's recommended daily value in one serving.
Percent daily value is the percentage of a nutrient's recommended daily value in one serving.
So if you ate one serving of food that represents 12% of the recommended daily value for carbohydrates, you'd be left with 88% of the daily allowance. If you ate two servings, that would be 24% of the daily amount of carbs you should be eating.
They vary depending on your calorie needs.They're a uniform recommendation for all diet and health needs.They are always an accurate measure of your nutritional intake.They change from year to year.
Percent daily values vary depending on your calorie needs.
Percent daily values strictly apply to a 2,000-calorie diet, but that doesn't mean you shouldn't look at them. The FDA says you can still use percent daily values as a frame of reference for your caloric needs, and by extension, your health needs — like if you have high blood pressure and your doctor recommends limiting sodium.
6% or less and 18% or more5% or less and 20% or more7% or less and16% or more8% or less and 17% or more
Foods are considered to have low levels of a nutrient when the percent daily value is 5% or less, and high levels when the percent daily value is 20% or more.
Knowing this will help you choose foods that are high in nutrients you need to consume in greater amounts (fiber and calcium, for example) and low in nutrients you'll want to avoid (like saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium), the FDA says. For example, if a product has a 5% or lower %DV of sodium, it would be a low-sodium product. This is important if you're going to consume more than one serving, since it increases your intake of each nutrient.
Naturally occurring sugars onlyAdded sugars onlyNaturally occurring sugars and added sugarsNaturally occurring sugars, added sugars, and the sugars produced from carbohydrates
That 23g of sugar is both naturally occurring and added sugars.
Nutrition Facts labels do not differentiate between naturally occurring sugars and added sugars. So if you eat yogurt with fruit on the bottom, the sugar content on the label will account for sugars found in the fruit and dairy as well as those added, such as high fructose corn syrup. You can get an idea of how much added sugar is in your food by looking at the ingredients list, where ingredients are listed in descending order by weight. Over the next two to three years, though, new label rules will require food companies to list added sugars separately. You can see the difference between the old and new labels here.
Because scientists aren’t sure how much we should eat each day.Because protein intake isn’t a public health concern.Because we shouldn’t be eating protein.Because you can eat pounds on pounds of protein and not harm yourself.
There's no percent daily value for protein because protein intake isn't a public health concern!
Protein intake isn't a public health concern for adults and children aged 4 and older. However, the FDA does require companies to include the percent daily value of protein when claims are made about it, such as "high in protein."
Trans fats don’t have a specific percent daily value because there isn’t any evidence to recommend one — you should be eating as little of it as possible due to links between their consumption and cardiovascular disease, the FDA says. Because of this link, the FDA is requiring all food companies to phase out partially hydrogenated oils (the primary dietary source of artificial trans fats) by July 2018. Trans fats would still appear on nutrition labels, though, as some occur naturally in food from some animals.
Food labels can say 0g of trans fat as long as they contain less than 0.5g trans fat per serving. So keep this in mind if you decide to eat more than one serving, since that can add up. You can also determine whether yours is truly trans fat-free; look for “shortening” or “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredients list.
High fructose corn syrupAnhydrous dextroseEvaporated cane juiceHoneyA and DAll of these
All of these are added sugars that can be listed on ingredients labels!
However, the FDA recently issued guidance against having "evaporated cane juice" listed on labels, since the term can mislead consumers into believing it's a juice, or made from juice, when its basic nature is that of a sugar.
Vitamin AVitamin CIronVitamin B
Vitamin B isn't required to be listed on Nutrition Facts labels!
Right now vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium are the only nutrients required to be on nutrition facts labels. All other nutrients are only required on the label when they're added as supplements to the food, if the label makes a nutrition claim about them, or if advertising or other info written about the product connects the nutrients to the food. Vitamins A and C won't show up on the new labels. They originally appeared in the early 1990s, when the American diet lacked sufficient amounts. However, now that vitamins A and C deficiencies are rare, they'll be replaced with potassium and vitamin D, in order to encourage higher consumption.
Nutrition Facts label information sourced in part from:
* The Food and Drug Administration: "How to Understand and Use the Nutrition Facts Label", "Guidance for Industry: A Food Labeling Guide," and "Changes to the Nutrition Facts Label."