TetrahydrocannabinolDiacetylmorphineLysergic acid diethylamidePsilocybinAlcohol
Psilocybin is the compound in magic mushrooms that will make you trip out.
Magic mushrooms have been around for centuries, and any mushroom that contains the chemical is considered a psilocybin mushroom in the scientific community. You might have heard them called shrooms, sherm, or boomers.
ArgentinaUSAMexicoThe NetherlandsAustraliaSouth Africa
You'll find most of them in Mexico!
There are at least 53 species of hallucinogenic psilocybin mushrooms in Mexico, according to this "exhaustive world revision" from 2005. By comparison, the authors found 22 species throughout the US and Canada, 16 species in Europe, 15 species in Asia, four species in Africa, and 19 species in Australia and other eastern islands.
Sacred mushroomGod's fleshAwakened soulEarth's gift
Teonanácatl roughly translates to "god's flesh!"
Although it could also mean "god's mushroom," according to American biologist Richard Evans Schultes, who studied and wrote about hallucinogenic plants in the 1930s. While teo translates to "god," nanacatl translates to "mushroom" and nacatl translates to "meat" or "flesh." We see what you did there, Aztec people!
This is true!
Just like any other mushrooms, psilocybin mushrooms can grow in a variety of environments, including animal poop. In fact, the Psilocybe coprophila is named for it's tendency to grow on cow or horse poop.
They increase communication between normally disconnected regions of the brain.They increase levels of cortisol passing along these networks.They redirect signals in an uncontrolled, random manner to the wrong regions of the brain.They contribute to neuronal cell death, making communication between regions more difficult.
They increase communication between normally disconnected regions of the brain.
Shrooms work by integrating more regions in the brain with one another while still maintaining the organizational features that existed before the mushrooms were ingested. Essentially shrooms "expand your consciousness," and according to the study, this is what leads to synesthesia, a phenomenon where stimulation of one of the senses causes another to react — like seeing different colors when you hear music. Another study found they can loosen the ego's influence on us, giving us new perspectives on things; they can intensify or distort what we see; and they can amplify what we hear. In this image, you can see how communication differs between a normal brain's regions and one that's on shrooms.
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A person on shrooms will trip for about 6 hours.
They'll typically begin to feel some of the physical effects after about 20 minutes — including nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, drowsiness, and lack of coordination. Peak effects happen around 60-90 minutes after eating them, according to the 2003 study, and last for about an hour or two before gradually wearing off.
AnxietyObsessive-compulsive disorderTobacco addictionDecreased moodInsomnia
There's no evidence to suggest shrooms can help people with insomnia.
They might actually have the opposite effect, according to a 2011 review, which says sleep problems might last up to 12 hours after taking them. That said, recent research has shown shrooms have the potential to treat anxiety and increase mood in people with advanced-stage cancer, tobacco addiction, and obsessive-compulsive disorder when administered in a controlled setting. Future research involving more people will help to confirm whether psilocybin really helps.
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It would take about 37 pounds of fresh shrooms to overdose.
That's a lot of shrooms considering the highest "recommended" dose for recreational use is reported to be about 1.7 ounces of fresh shrooms or less, according to the aforementioned 2011 review.
This is false!
You'll probably have a bad trip if you take too much — like a really, really bad trip. Taking a too-high dose can lead to severe agitation, confusion, extreme anxiety, and impaired concentration and judgment, according to that 2011 review. And in particularly bad instances, these symptoms can lead to psychotic episodes, frightening hallucinations, severe paranoia, and a total loss of reality — which may prompt dangerous behaviors like self-injury and suicide.
The Harvard Psilocybin Project started right around 1960.
It was spearheaded by psychologists Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert, who had volunteers at the school take shrooms and write about their experiences. The project ended in 1963, however, after Alpert gave an undergraduate student the drug despite school policies prohibiting undergraduates from participating. You can read more about the Harvard Psilocybin Project here.
Schedule I drug: No currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse.Schedule II drug: A high potential for abuse, with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence.Schedule III drug: A moderate to low potential for physical and psychological dependence.Schedule IV drug: A low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence.
The DEA classifies psilocybin as a schedule I drug.
Along with heroin, LSD, ecstasy, quaalude, and peyote.
Magic mushrooms first entered the American mainstream in 1957.
That was when R. Gordon Wasson, a banker and ethnomycologist, wrote about his experiences with magic mushrooms in the mountains of Mexico for Life magazine — making it the first documentation of an experience on magic mushrooms in modern times.