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28 Powerful Pictures Of Women Fighting For Their Right To Vote

Today is the 100th anniversary of the Representation of the People Act, when some – but not all – British women were given the vote for the first time.

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1. Circa 1900: Male and female members of the women's suffrage movement on a protest march through London.

Getty Images / F. J. Mortimer

In 1903, the Women's Social and Political Union (WPSU) was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia. The members became better known as the suffragettes.

2. 1908: Suffragettes picketing Holloway prison, London, while Emmeline Pankhurst was imprisoned there.

Getty Images Hulton Archive

Pankhurst was imprisoned for the first time in February 1908 after she tried to enter the House of Commons to protest, and would go on to be incarcerated six more times.

3. 1908: Emmeline Pankhurst (1858–1928, centre), and her daughter Christabel Harriette (1880–1958, third from left), being welcomed by friends and supporters upon their release.


4. 1908: Jennie Baines addressing a mass rally of Suffragettes at Trafalgar Square, London.

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Baines would later be sentenced to seven months' hard labour. She was released a few days later in poor health, like many: The government didn't want her to become a martyr to the cause.


10. 1912: A male suffrage supporter being led over the bridge at St James's Park after his arrest for involvement in an attack on Buckingham Palace.

Getty Images Hulton Archive

Some men played a part in the campaign for female suffrage: One MP even resigned his seat so he could fight a by-election on the issue, which he lost.

11. 1912: The aftermath of a window-smashing spree outside the Swan & Edgar department store in the West End of London.

Getty Images Hulton Archive

There had been window-smashing campaigns before: Two years earlier, the WSPU smashed windows in response to then prime minister Herbert Asquith rejecting a bill that would have given some women the vote. The police were accused of brutality – women were reportedly batoned, punched, thrown to the ground, and sexually assaulted.


13. 1913: Emily Davison (1872–1913) being fatally injured as she tries to stop the King's horse Amner on Derby Day, to draw attention to the women's suffragette movement.

Getty Images Arthur Barrett

It's unclear whether Davison was trying to kill herself. She had already been sentenced to a month's hard labour in Strangeways prison in Manchester after throwing rocks at the British chancellor, David Lloyd George.


22. 1914: Pankhurst being carried away.

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Pankhurst was frequently imprisoned and underwent hunger strikes and forced feeding. In a 1913 article, her daughter Sylvia described what it was like:

"Some one seized me by the head and thrust a sheet under my chin. I felt a man's hands trying to force my mouth open. I set my teeth and tightened my lips over them with all my strength. My breath was coming so quickly that I felt as if I should suffocate. I felt his fingers trying to press my lips apart,—getting inside,—and I felt them and a steel gag running around my gums and feeling for gaps in my teeth."


28. 1914: A member of the suffragette movement being arrested by a London policeman at a demonstration outside Buckingham Palace.

Getty Images Central Press

In 1918, towards the end of the First World War, the Representation of the People Act was passed. This gave the vote to some women, but it was only in 1928 that the Representation of the People (Equal Franchise) Act gave the vote to all women over 21 on the same terms as men.