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Drug Trafficking

Drug trafficking is known as the international transit of contraband, that involves the manufacturing, distribution, and usage of prohibited substances.

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India

The population of India is over 1 billion and is still rising. The culture, demographics, and economy are changing at a rapid pace, and this has affected the use of illicit drugs over time. Evidence suggests that that there are over 3 million drug addicts in India. Among the numerous drugs that are available in the country, heroin, marijuana, and opium are among the most commonly used drugs in India. There have also been indications that the prevalence of methamphetamine or crystal meth, has seen a rise as well. Due to the lack of development within the country, many drug addicts don’t receive the adequate care they require to recover from the use of substances. This causes issues for a multitude of families, communities, as well as law enforcement. India ranks 3rd in terms of HIV infection rate in the world, and this is partially due to the sharing of needles to inject drugs into the body. One of the world's primary consumers of heroin is India, this primarily due to India’s close proximity to Afghanistan and Burma, the leading heroin producing countries in the world. India geographically falls between these countries, and so it is used as a major trafficking route between the two.

China

China has changed drastically over the past few decades, as the country transitioned from being an inherently isolated nation, to a world superpower that has an influential grasp on the world. As a result of this transition, the use of narcotics in China, had increased significantly. China is an alluring shipment hub for drug traffickers, due to its large land mass, proximity to drug producing nations, and coastal cities. China lies upon an abundance of natural resources, and so it is a major source of chemicals that are crucial for the production of drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine. China continues to be a notable shipment route for drugs that are bound for international markets, as well as heroin entering South Asian nations such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, as well as India.

Iran

Drug trafficking remain to be one of Iran’s most pressing challenges. Similar to India, Iran has a very close proximity to the world’s largest illicit opium producer. The border shared among Iran and Afghanistan is nearly 2,000 kilometres long, and this has formed it into a considerable trade route for the trafficking of narcotics. A drug report has shown that Iran accounts for three-quarters of the world’s opium seizures, and a quarter of heroin and morphine seizures in the world. Nearly half of all prisoners within Iran have been convicted based on charges related to drug possession or trafficking. More than half of all opium entering Iran is from their neighbour Afghanistan, whereas Iran produces next to none. The trafficking of drugs in Iran has cost the Iranian government $1 billion dollars each year. By reason of this, Iran dedicates an increasing number of law enforcement units along the border of Iran. Iran also sets severe penalties and punishments for individuals that have been found liable for the trafficking of illegal substances.

France

France is a developed nation located in the Western portion of Europe, and is known for it’s rich history. France is bound by the Atlantic Ocean, and nations Luxembourg, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Andorra, and Monaco. France is not generally known for the issues of drug trafficking as it a mostly developed nation. Hardcore drugs such as cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine have seen some use. Population censuses reveal that marijuana remain the most widely used illicit substance. In the year 2010, 13.4 million French individuals stated that they had tried cannabis at least once in their lifetime, and nearly 2 million people have claimed to have consumed cocaine or crack cocaine once in their lifetime. This relatively low use of narcotics within France is largely due to the stringent anti-drug policies that France has set. Help for individuals abusing such drugs is readily available, however over the past few years, France has seen an increase in the use of drugs.

Nigeria

Nigeria is a nation in the Western portion of Africa. Neighbouring countries of Nigeria include Cameroon, Niger, Chad, and Benin. There is an abundance of organized crime in Nigeria, much like the rest of undeveloped African countries. Crime groups in Nigeria are heavily entangled within drug trafficking, and are largely responsible for the majority of heroin supplied across the world. Ethnic Nigerians reside in countries such as India, where the production of narcotics is vast. These relationships give Nigerian access to ninety percent of the world’s heroin. Nigerian drug traffickers import and export heroin out of countries and often sell them to street gangs. The Federal Bureau of Investigation states the Nigerian drug trafficking schemes are most distinguished of all African criminal enterprises. These enterprises operate in numerous nations across the world.

Russia

The use of illicit drugs and drug trafficking has become an insistent issue in the nation of Russia. The concern towards this issue has increased extensively after the collapse of the Soviet Union, when the economy of Russia was struggling, and the use of narcotics became much more prevalent. This was largely due to the scarcity of border controls, especially within the South, because of the immense amount of drugs in the nations south of Russia. Russia became one of the world’s major hubs for drug trafficking in the mid-1990s. Russia’s colossal land mass made up numerous international trade routes for narcotics. Poppy straw, opium, heroin, cannabis, and cocaine are all traded in and out of Russia on a major scale. Presently, roughly 5 million people abuse illicit drugs in Russia, and the use of heroin is the primary contributor to this statistic.

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