• 1. The Louisiana Pancake Batfish

    Halieutichthys intermedius: This species was discovered just before the Gulf of Mexico oil spill in 2010 and its entire known distribution is in the region of the spill. Thanks BP!

  • 2. Darwin’s Bark Spider

    Caerostris darwini: The silk spun by these spiders is the toughest biological material ever studied, over ten times stronger than a similarly-sized piece of Kevlar.

  • 3. The T. Rex Leech

    Tyrannobdella rex: This T. rex leech was discovered feeding from the nasal mucous membrane of a little girl in Peru. It is unusual because it is the only known species of leech with a single armed jaw with such large teeth.

  • 4. Bioluminescent Mushroom

    Mycena luxaeterna: This new species of fungi emits very bright yellowish green light 24 hours per day from its gel-covered stems.

  • 5. Bacterium

    Halomonas titanicae: This new species of iron-oxide consuming bacteria was discovered on a rusticle from the RMS Titanic. It will eventually result in the wreck’s disappearance.

  • 6. Pollinating Cricket

    Glomeremus orchidophilus: This species is the only pollinator of the endangered orchid Angraecum cadetii on Réunion island in the Indian Ocean.

  • 7. Golden Spotted Monitor Lizard

    Varanus bitatawa: The forest monitor lizard can grow to more than 6 feet in length and has eluded biologists because it spends most of its time in trees.

  • 8. Underwater Mushroom

    Psathyrella aquatica: This is the first report of a mushroom species fruiting underwater.

  • 9. Walter’s Duiker

    Philantomba walteri: This new duiker from West Africa was first encountered at a bushmeat market. Yum.

  • 10. Jumping Cockroach

    Saltoblattella montistabularis: Prior to its discovery jumping cockroaches were only known from the Late Jurassic. This extant cockroach has jumping ability that is on par with grasshoppers.