1. The Louisiana Pancake Batfish
Halieutichthys intermedius: This species was discovered just before the Gulf of Mexico oil spill in 2010 and its entire known distribution is in the region of the spill. Thanks BP!
2. Darwin’s Bark Spider
Caerostris darwini: The silk spun by these spiders is the toughest biological material ever studied, over ten times stronger than a similarly-sized piece of Kevlar.
3. The T. Rex Leech
Tyrannobdella rex: This T. rex leech was discovered feeding from the nasal mucous membrane of a little girl in Peru. It is unusual because it is the only known species of leech with a single armed jaw with such large teeth.
4. Bioluminescent Mushroom
Mycena luxaeterna: This new species of fungi emits very bright yellowish green light 24 hours per day from its gel-covered stems.
Halomonas titanicae: This new species of iron-oxide consuming bacteria was discovered on a rusticle from the RMS Titanic. It will eventually result in the wreck’s disappearance.
6. Pollinating Cricket
Glomeremus orchidophilus: This species is the only pollinator of the endangered orchid Angraecum cadetii on Réunion island in the Indian Ocean.
7. Golden Spotted Monitor Lizard
Varanus bitatawa: The forest monitor lizard can grow to more than 6 feet in length and has eluded biologists because it spends most of its time in trees.
8. Underwater Mushroom
Psathyrella aquatica: This is the first report of a mushroom species fruiting underwater.
9. Walter’s Duiker
Philantomba walteri: This new duiker from West Africa was first encountered at a bushmeat market. Yum.
10. Jumping Cockroach
Saltoblattella montistabularis: Prior to its discovery jumping cockroaches were only known from the Late Jurassic. This extant cockroach has jumping ability that is on par with grasshoppers.