In an annual report released Thursday, Amnesty International found a 15% increase in the number of death penalty sentences carried out in 2013 from the year before.
It found that at least 778 people were reported executed in 21 countries — not including China, because China does not disclose such figures.
The report found an increase in executions in Iran and Iraq, who along with Saudi Arabia accounted for almost 80% of all reported death penalty sentences. Some of the report’s findings are based on limited information: numbers for Egypt, Syria, and Oman were unavailable, while Amnesty estimated that for countries like China and North Korea, where transparent facts are near-impossible to access, the findings are likely significantly higher.
The report found that in some countries the death penalty was applied for a range of non-lethal crimes, including drug-related offense and robbery, as well as acts like “adultery” and “bribery.”
In 2013, Indonesia, Kuwait, Nigeria and Vietnam resumed their use of capital punishment. By the year’s end, 98 countries worldwide had also officially abolished the death penalty (up from 85 in 2004.)
Here’s a look at the 22 countries still executing in the name of justice.
2. India: 1 known execution
3. Afghanistan: 2 known executions
4. Bangladesh: 2 known executions
5. Malaysia: At least 2 known executions
Amnesty International estimates that the number is higher.
6. Palestinian Territories: At least 3 known executions
7. Nigeria: 4 known executions
9. Indonesia: 5 known executions
10. Kuwait: 5 known executions
11. Taiwan: 6 known executions
12. Vietnam: At least 7 known executions
13. Japan: 8 known executions
14. Yemen: 13 known executions
15. Sudan: At least 21 known executions
16. Somalia: 34 known executions
17. U.S.: 39 known executions
18. Saudi Arabia: 79 known executions
19. Iraq: 169 known executions
20. Iran: At least 369 known executions
21. China: Exact number of executions unknown
Amnesty International estimates that thousands were executed in China in 2013 — but China keeps the exact number silent. The report did not include China when calculating the total number of executions in 2013.
22. North Korea: Exact number of executions unknown
Amnesty can confirm that there were death sentences issued and executions carried out in North Korea, but they cannot verify the exact number; however, the number is expected to be high.