Azerbaijan’s president has threatened all-out war to reclaim the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh from Armenia, raising fears that the two Caucasus countries could resume long-dormant hostilities after skirmishes over the weekend.
President Ilham Aliyev told soldiers in the frontline city of Agdam on Wednesday that Azerbaijan was ready and willing to seize the mountainous breakaway territory of Nagorno-Karabakh from Armenia “either by military or peaceful means.” At least 13 people died in the clashes, the first in many years, though the Armenian defense ministry claims as many as 30 people died, 25 of them from Azerbaijan.
The two countries have been in a suspended state of war since an inconclusive end to a three-year struggle for Nagorno-Karabakh ended in 1994 with a Russian-brokered ceasefire. Both sides constantly accuse each other of trying to undermine efforts by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to mediate a peace, as well as attempting to reclaim the region by force.
Nagorno-Karabakh, a remote, mountainous area, is mostly populated by ethnic Armenians and relies almost solely on money from Yerevan and the global Armenian diaspora. Baku believes the land is historically Azeri.