Yup, the peaceful and non-violent point is untrue. Madiba (I’m South African, that’s our term of endearment for him) founded the militant armed wing of the ANC called Umkhonto we Sizwe (the Spear of the Nation) in 1961. This was at a point where all organised protest had failed to budge the National Party, and it became a case of either fighting fire with fire or giving up. Naturally, he decided to fight. UWS employed bombings, guerrilla attacks, torture and sabotage against government targets, facilities and resources, and only eased up in 1990.