1. A team of paleontologists discovered 30 bone shards from what they believe is a PREHISTORIC GIANT CAMEL.
The paper was published in Nature Communications.
2. The shards of tibia bone were found in the boreal forests of Canada’s High Arctic on Ellesmere Island.
Ellesmere Island is on the north-western tip of Greenland.
3. Scientists identified the creature by comparing the fossils’ prehistoric collagen to that of 37 other mammal species. Dromedary camels and prehistoric camels from the Yukon were the best match.
4. The site of discovery is 746 miles north of any latitude where camels have previously been found.
5. Based on the fossils’ size and shape, the critters were likely 9 feet tall and weighed a whopping 2,000 pounds.
6. The tiny bone fragments weathered multiple ice sheets and freeze-thaw cycles. All 30 fossils are smaller than 7 cm!
7. The camel’s full tibia would have been 22 inches long, which is 29% longer than a modern camel’s tibia.
8. They likely thrived 3.5 million years ago, when the camel was the largest artiodactyl in North America.
Artiodactyla are hoofed mammals with an even number of toes.