1. Marie Curie
Ever heard of radioactivity? Or the elements polonium and radium? Well Marie Curie has, which is why she was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences (Physics and Chemistry).
2. Rachel Carson
The marine biologist and conservationist became famous after writing Silent Spring, which, after revealing the horrors of chemical pesticides, launched the environmental movement in America.
3. Sally Ride
First American woman in space! Also some guy named Lou Reed wrote a song about her. No. Big. Deal.
4. Grace Hopper
Ever heard of debugging a computer? Grace Hopper, one of the world’s pioneer computer programmers, is who you should thank for that.
5. Rosalind Franklin
You might know her as the x-ray crystallographer whose helped decode the molecular structures of DNA. The humane genome anyone?