9 GIFs That Show How Climate Change Will Affect Earth

Temperatures are going up and there’s going to be a lot more rain. But not everywhere.

NASA has made an animation that shows how climate change might affect temperatures and rainfall on different parts of Earth.

It shows a scenario in which carbon dioxide concentrations reach 670 parts per million by 2100, up from around 400 ppm today.

Temperatures around the world are going to increase, but some parts of the world will increase more than others.

1. The Northern Hemisphere will see the most dramatic temperature increases.

2. Especially over the Arctic and typically snowy parts of North America.

3. Once ice and snow melts, it stops reflecting light away from Earth meaning the planet warms even more.

4. But the Southern Hemisphere will see warming too.

5. Land areas show the biggest warming, because evaporation can keep water cool.

6. And the oceans have the capacity to absorb more energy before heating up.

There’ll be changes in rainfall across the globe too.

7. El Niño causes more rain off the coast of South America.

8. That’s going to stretch across the Pacific Ocean to Indonesia by the end of the century.

9. Eastern Africa will see up to 100% more rainfall, but the Mediterranean will see 40% less.

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Kelly Oakes is science editor for BuzzFeed and is based in London.
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