Every human needs one thing in order to live - oxygen. Without it, we can’t fill our lungs with air and continue to survive and after only a few minutes our oxygen starved bodies and organs will die.
However, a new man-made micro-particle may change all of that forever. Through this man-made micro-particle, which can be injected directly into your bloodstream, can provide oxygen to your body which can last for up to 30 minutes. That means, you don’t need to breathe air to live with this micro-particle.
This opens up the world to many things, most importantly for doctors to help save lives for those that are desperate for oxygen. There could be many other uses as well, both in the government and private sectors. No matter how you use it, the ability to live without breathing air for 30 minutes is unheard of. One can only imagine as well, that after improving the science and development of this micro-particle that the time without breathing could possibly be extended beyond 30 minutes to even hours in the future.
The microparticles used are composed of oxygen gas pocketed in a layer of lipids. A Lipid is a natural molecule that can store energy and act as a part of a cell membrane, they can be made of many things such as wax, vitamins, phospholipids, and in this case fat is the lipid that stores the oxygen.
These microparticles are around two to four micrometers in length and carry about three to four times the oxygen content of our own red blood cells. In the past, researchers had a difficult time succeeding as prior tests caused gas embolism. This meant that the gas molecules would become stuck trying to squeeze through the capillaries. They corrected this issue by packaging them into small deformable particles rather ones where the structure was rigid.