1. 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act
During this time in history immigrants were coming from all over the world for opportunity and a job. This created competition for American workers and people didn’t like these foreigners coming in taking their jobs for longer hours and a lesser wage. Because American’s were unhappy with the Chinese especially willing to work so cheaply, the government passed the Chinese Exclusion Act this didn’t allow Chinese immigrants into the country for ten years, as well as immigrants who were already in the country couldn’t become citizens. What makes this incident a mistake in our history is what the article, “105 Chinese” proves is that because of the limits on immigration, the amount of Chinese workers allowed in the country wouldn’t have been enough people to make a dent on the economy. This is important in America’s history because it represents how as a country we have been very cautious of the people entering our country and labor force.
Symanski, Mallory. University of Florida. July 3, 2014. Lecture.
2. Panic of 1893
Most American’s forget that the Panic of 1893 was the worst depression in all of history. It was the time that people realized they couldn’t forever buy things on credit and banks couldn’t give money out to no end. During this time in history over 500 banks closed and lost all of the clients money. In this article by Alexander Noyes, he holds the banks responsible and Asses the damage done to clients. This event in history taught us that banks need to be watched and need regulation to protect the people it’s suppose to be serving. The reason for this panic was over speculation.
Symanski, Mallory. “What Does it Look Like From the Bottom”. University of Florida. July 8, 2014. Lecture.
3. 1894 Town of Pullman
Pullman a steel railroad entrepreneur and philanthropist wanted to create a utopia for his employees and their families to make them worker harder and be grateful for the opportunity to work for him.To do this he created a town that was nicer than the tenants most people were living in at the time. They would get paid then pay Pullman for the housing. There were things in Pullman Town to add to the neighborhood, such as a library and a church. The area was a dry neighbor hood and there were serious rules you had to follow. While this sounded great at first with all of the rules and the up rising cost to live in Pullman’s Utopia, people started feeling like they were losing their freedom and created a strike against Pullman in 1894 While Pullman had the right intent to create this place for his employees, it shows that there isn’t a price or a luxury better than freedom and the rights of being a citizen. People weren’t going to stand for that to be taken away. To learn more about Pullman’s utopia read this article.
Symanski, Mallory. University of Florida. July 7, 2014. Lecture.
4. Plessy v. Ferguson
This court made the ruling that separate and equal can coexist. Meaning as long as African American’s and whites were offered the same things they can be kept completely separate. However this is quickly shown not to be true. This is one of the reasons racism and segregation was so prevalent. The law made room for it. This is the case that made this decision, that America will later declare unconstitutional in 1954 with Brown. Board of Education. For almost sixty years we denied people the true and full sense of equality.
Symanski, Mallory. University of Florida. July 1, 2014. Lecture.
5. 1900 Tenements
In the early nineteen hundreds most people were living in cities because that’s where the jobs were. To provide living space, tenements were created for immigrants. In Tenement housing a fairly large amount of people would be piled into tiny apartments. The living conditions in tenements were awful. These records show how many regulations were broken at the time with these living conditions. If the regulations of that time were broken, they wouldn’t stand a chance today with the requirements the government now has for housing. We learned quickly that this was no way for people to live the people and the government needed to take responsibility for the living conditions in the tenements. These tight living spaces always made for an even better reason later on to move out of the city and live in a home.
Symanski, Mallory. University of Florida. July 7, 2014. Lecture.
6. 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
In New York City, working conditions were awful. Too many people in too tight of a space, locked into these crammed spaces so greedy business owners could get the most for their money. On March 25, 1911, a fire happened trapping 500 women in a building. They had to jump out windows to try to survive. The harsh working conditions were exposed to the public leaving questions like,who is responsible? Who is to make sure this doesn’t happen again? The New York Times looked back on all of the fires in factories and demanded an answer in this article. The take away lesson for this was there needs to be regulations to keep this from happening. Doors shouldn’t be locked, people can’t be trapped, and there needs to be a limit on the number of workers in a room.
Symanski, Mallory. University of Florida. July 9, 2014. Lecture.
7. 1918 Sedition Act
The Sedition Act doesn’t allow people to speak out against the war. As we have seen with previous events in history when the government tries to control the peoples voice, it never goes well. The writer of the New York Times article, ” The Sedition Bill” strongly opposes the bill and writes of how it goes against freedom of speech. It only takes two years for America to realize this isn’t going to work and goes against the first amendment. This is important because it made way for people to voice their opinion publicly such as people speaking out against later wars.
Symanski, Mallory. University of Florida. July 14, 2014. Lecture.
8. 1920 Prohibition
The prohibition in the 1920’s created a rebellion in town’s people. This made anything with more than .5% of alcohol illegal. With this type of limitation people were going to all costs to make alcohol on their own. A Letter here from a Florida county judge wrote to the governor regarding bootleggers he couldn’t control. There were too many people making moonshine that he needed back up. This letter is worth checking out! This law didn’t make it long in the United States, by 1933 it was repealed and has produced the alcohol culture we have today.
Symanski, Mallory. “Post War Disillusionment”. University of Florida. July 15, 2014. Lecture.
9. 1929 Stock Market Crash
Right when we thought we were doing everything right and were at the top of it all, something was bound to go wrong. The stock market was highly inflated and at some point, what goes up must come down. In October of 1929, The stock market crashed, people panicked and it continued to fall leading America into a dark time of the great depression. The Chicago Tribune a few years after the crash showed evidence of how the people on wall street didn’t realize the depth of what had happened. Little did they know in 1929, that on that day was the end of the roaring 20’s. A lesson that we have been slow to learn but once again taught, what goes up must come down and the cost of inflation is never good.
Symanski, Mallory.” Big Government? What’s the role of the federal government?” University of Florida. July 17, 2014. Lecture.
10. 1964 Vietnam War
North Vietnam run by communism was trying to get South Vietnam at a crucial time in their history to turn communist. We tried to help South Vietnam and stepped right into the War fighting on behalf of the South Vietnamese. America makes a lot of mistakes in this war that leads to us losing someone else’s battle. First off Pentagon Papers exposes secrets that had been kept from the public made Americans furious with the government and military action that was taking place that was unnecessary. We end up losing the War and the amount of casualties has no reward. Here is a man’s experience with the war and what he expects at the end of the war.
Symanski, Mallory. “The Vietnam War”. University of Florida. July 15, 2014. Lecture.