Alanna Okun received a "Collection" badge on Sep 21 because they posted something that people are adding to. That's harder than it sounds - usually people are just like, "meh," (which, and I get that we're now waaaaaaay off topic, is a really annoying thing to say under almost any circumstances).
Alanna Okun received a "Fact Checker" badge on Sep 07 because they verified or disputed a fact and backed up their claim with some kind of written or visual proof. If we didn't have someone to check the facts, none of the facts would get checked - and then where would we be?!